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Leptanilla javana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Leptanillinae
Tribe: Leptanillini
Genus: Phaulomyrma
Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W., 1930
Type species
Phaulomyrma javana, now Leptanilla javana

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Leptanilla.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PHAULOMYRMA [junior synonym of Leptanilla]
    • Phaulomyrma Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W. 1930: 193. Type-species: Phaulomyrma javana Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W. 1930: 193, by original designation.

Taxonomic history

  • Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini: Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W. 1930: 201; Donisthorpe, 1943f: 683; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 79; Bolton, 1990b: 277; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 12; Bolton, 1994: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 42; Bolton, 2003: 40; 152.
  • Phaulomyrma as genus: all authors.
  • Phaulomyrma catalogues: Bolton, 1995b: 316.
  • Phaulomyrma references: Petersen, 1968: 593 (review of genus); Baroni Urbani, 1977c: 480 (review of genus); Ogata, et al. 1995: 32 (review of genus).
  • Phaulomyrma as junior synonym of Leptanilla: Griebenow, 2021: 630.


Phaulos, trifling, paltry + myrmex, ant.


  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1977c. Materiali per una revisione della sottofamiglia Leptanillinae Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 2: 427-488 (page 480, Review of genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1990d. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Leptanillinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 15: 267-282 (page 277, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 70, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 316, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 152, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Cantone S. 2018. Winged Ants, The queen. Dichotomous key to genera of winged female ants in the World. The Wings of Ants: morphological and systematic relationships (self-published).
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 79, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 683, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Griebenow, Z.H. 2021. Synonymisation of the male-based ant genus Phaulomyrma (Hymenoptera:Formicidae) with Leptanilla based upon Bayesian total-evidence phylogenetic inference. Invertebrate Systematics 35, 603–636 (doi:10.1071/is20059).
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 12, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Petersen, B. 1968. Some novelties in presumed males of Leptanillinae (Hym., Formicidae). Entomol. Medd. 36: 577-598 (page 593, Review of genus)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, E. W. 1930. Two new ants from Java. Psyche (Camb.) 37: 193-201 (page 193, Phaulomyrma as genus; page 201, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)