Platythyreini

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The tribe Platythyreini belongs to the subfamily Ponerinae. For a list of genera contained within this tribe see Platythyreini genera, for species see Platythyreini species.

Synopsis


Tribe PLATYTHYREINI
Platythyrei Emery, 1901a: 36. Type-genus: Platythyrea.
Taxonomic history
Platythyreini as tribe of Ponerinae: Emery, 1901a: 36 [Platythyrei]; Emery, 1911d: 28; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 36; Arnold, 1915: 22; Forel, 1917: 237; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 638; all subsequent authors.
Genus: Platythyrea.


Tribe and genus Platythyrea references
Roger, 1863b: 17 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863: 442 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 14 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893: 27 (catalogue); Forel, 1900d: 314 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903: 74 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911d: 28 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 22 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Mann, 1916: 403 (Neotropical species key); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 57, 758, 1007 (diagnosis, Afrotropical & Malagasy catalogues); Clark, 1930c: 9 (Eubothroponera species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951: 47 (Asia checklist); Brown, 1952k: 1 (diagnosis, genera); Wilson, 1958a: 150 (Melanesia & Moluccas species revision, key); Kempf, 1972a: 206 (Neotropical catalogue); Brown, 1975: 4, 9, 10 (diagnosis & review of genera, Afrotropical species, Malagasy, Malesian, Australian & New World species keys); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 48 (larvae, review & synthesis); Smith, D.R. 1979: 1336 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 37 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a: 56 (Australia checklist); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 79 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 10 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991: 371 (Neotropical catalogue); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 336 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1999: 198 (Australia synopsis); Bolton, 2003: 44, 171 (diagnosis, synopsis); Fernández, 2008: 207 (Neotropical species key); Heterick, 2009: 136 (south-western Australia species key).

Taxonomy

See the genus Platythyrea

Discussion

Schmidt and Shattuck (2012) - The deep separation between Platythyrea and Ponerini has been recognized at least since Emery (1901), who placed Platythyrea in its own tribe Platythyrei (later renamed Platythyreini; Emery, 1911). Two sources of taxonomic confusion have arisen since Emery’s original designation of tribal status: the proper location of Probolomyrmex and the status of Eubothroponera. Probolomyrmex Mayr superficially resembles Platythyrea in overall gestalt and in the presence of pruinose sculpturing, though there are many major differences between them. It has been placed by some authors within Platythyreini (e.g., Brown, 1952, and most subsequent authors), though Perrault (2000) placed it in its own subfamily, Probolomyrmecinae. Bolton (2003) moved Probolomyrmex to its own tribe within Proceratiinae; many early authors had placed the genus in tribe Proceratiini of that subfamily (e.g., Emery, 1911). Molecular phylogenetic evidence (e.g., Moreau et al., 2006; Brady et al., 2006; Schmidt, 2013) confirms the placement of Probolomyrmex within Proceratiinae and demonstrates that its superficial similarity to Platythyrea is likely the result of convergence. See the discussion under Platythyrea (below) for a consideration of Eubothroponera Clark, a genus confirmed here as a junior synonym of Platythyrea.