Proformica buddhaensis

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Proformica buddhaensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Proformica
Species: P. buddhaensis
Binomial name
Proformica buddhaensis
Ruzsky, 1915

Proformica buddhaensis casent0916585 p 1 high.jpg

Proformica buddhaensis casent0916585 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 47.28333333° to 45.98333333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China (type locality), Mongolia.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Proformica buddhaensis casent0916585 p 2 high.jpgProformica buddhaensis casent0916585 p 3 high.jpg
Androtype of Proformica buddhaensisMale (alate). Specimen code casent0916585. Photographer Flavia Esteves, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by HNHM, Budapest, Hungary.



Proformica nasuta

Proformica korbi

Proformica ferreri

Proformica longiseta

Proformica epinotalis

Proformica muusensis

Proformica buddhaensis

Proformica mongolica

Relationships of selected Proformica species based on Zhu et al. (2022).


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • buddhaensis. Proformica mongolica subsp. buddhaensis Ruzsky, 1915a: 432 (w.) CHINA. Raised to species: Dlussky, 1969a: 226; Pisarski, 1969b: 307. Senior synonym of lefevrei: Dlussky, 1969a: 226.
  • lefevrei. Formica (Proformica) lefevrei Wheeler, W.M. 1929f: 11 (w.) CHINA. Junior synonym of buddhaensis: Dlussky, 1969a: 226.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Wheeler (1929) for Formica lefevrei - Length, 4 mm: Resembling jacoti but stouter, with shorter legs and antennae. Head as broad as long, very slightly narrowed anteriorly, with broadly rounded posterior corners and straight posterior border. External borders of mandibles convex. Clypeus short and broad, indistinctly carinate, its anterior border not projecting, nearly straight. Frontal area not shining; frontal carinae short and parallel; frontal groove distinct. Antennal scapes extending about one-fourth their length beyond the posterior corners of the head; first funicular joint slightly longer than the second and third joints together. Pronotum broader than long, convex and' rounded, almost hemispherical when seen from above; mesonotum short, as long as broad, much narrower than the pronotum, in profile somewhat flattened above; mesoepinotal constriction distinctly shorter than in jacoti and the epinotum shorter, its base rising somewhat posteriorly, shorter than the sloping declivity with which it forms a distinct rounded angle. Petiolar scale much more compressed anteroposteriorly than in jacoti, so that it appears very thin in profile, its anterior surface feebly convex, its posterior surface flat, its superior border sharp in profile, broadly rounded when seen from the front, distinctly emarginate in the middle. Gaster rather large.

Shining, with ameous reflections; mandibles striatopunctate; clypeus, cheeks and front very delicately and longitudinally striate and sparsely punctate; posterior portion of head smooth and shining with small, sharp and moderately sparse punctures. Mesopleurae and sides of epinotum rather opaque and granular; remainder of thorax and gaster smooth and shining.

Pilosity white, delicate, sparse and rather short on the upper surface of the body. Pubescence fine and appressed, visible only on the sides of the thorax, coxae, petiole and appendages.

Black; pro- and mesonotum castaneous; mandibles, antennae, trochanters, knees, tibiae and tarsi yellowish red.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Sanllorente O., P. Lorite, F. Ruano, T. Palomeque, and A. Tinaut. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships between the slave-making ants Rossomyrmex and their Proformica hosts in relation to other genera of the ant tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J Zool Syst Evol Res. 1–13.