AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrma
Guérin-Méneville, 1844
Type species
Pseudomyrma bicolor, now Pseudomyrmex gracilis

Pseudomyrmex gracilis casent0173763 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex gracilis casent0173763 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PSEUDOMYRMA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Pseudomyrma Guérin-Méneville, 1844a: 427 [as subgenus of Formica]. Type-species: Pseudomyrma bicolor, by monotypy.
    • Pseudomyrma senior synonym of Leptalea, Myrmex: Smith, F. 1858b: 153; Roger, 1863b: 24.
    • Pseudomyrma junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Smith, M.R. 1952a: 98.
  • MYRMEX [junior homonym, junior synonym of Pseudomyrma]
    • Myrmex Guérin-Méneville, 1844a: 427. Type-species: Myrmex perboscii, by monotypy. [Unresolved junior homonym of Myrmex Sturm, 1826: 32 (Coleoptera).]
    • Myrmex Guérin-Méneville junior synonym of Pseudomyrma: Smith, F. 1858b: 153; Roger, 1863b: 24.
    • Myrmex Guérin-Méneville junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Smith, M.R. 1952a: 98].


  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 383, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicidae, Pseudomyrminae)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 184, Pseudomyrma as junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 135, Pseudomyrma as junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex)
  • Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc., Suppl. Vol. 1887: 1-351 (page 262, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicidae)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 55, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1941d. Glanures myrmecologiques. [part]. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 53: 27-28 (page 27, Pseudomyrma in Pseudomyrminae)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943h. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [concl.]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 721-737 (page 722, Pseudomyrma in Pseudomyrminae)
  • Emery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 9: 67-83 (page 81, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicidae, Myrmeciidae)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 768, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 40, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 28, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Forel, A. 1893b. Sur la classification de la famille des Formicides, avec remarques synonymiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 161-167 (page 164, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Forel, A. 1899f. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 81-104 (page 86, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 240, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Guérin-Méneville, F. E. 1844a. Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier, ou représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus remarquables, et souvent non encore figurées, de chaque genre d'animaux. Insectes. Paris: J. B. Baillière, 576 pp. (page 427, Pseudomyrma as subgenus of Formica)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 214, Pseudomyrma as junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex)
  • Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. (page 24, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, [Myrmicidae])
  • Smith, F. 1858b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 153, Pseudomyrma senior synonym of Leptalea and Myrmex; Pseudomyrma in Poneridae, Myrmicidae)
  • Smith, F. 1871a. A catalogue of the Aculeate Hymenoptera and Ichneumonidae of India and the Eastern Archipelago. With introductory remarks by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 11: 285-348 (page 328, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicidae)
  • Smith, F. 1877b. Descriptions of new species of the genera Pseudomyrma and Tetraponera, belonging to the family Myrmicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1877: 57-72 (page 58, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicidae)
  • Smith, M. R. 1952c. North American Leptothorax of the tricarinatus-texanus complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 60: 96-106 (page 98, Pseudomyrma as junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex)
  • Ward, P. S. 1990. The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): generic revision and relationship to other formicids. Syst. Entomol. 15: 449-489 (page 469, Pseudomyrma as junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 139, Pseudomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 654, Pseudomyrma in Pseudomyrminae)