Solenopsis loretana

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Solenopsis loretana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Solenopsis
Species complex: molesta
Species: S. loretana
Binomial name
Solenopsis loretana
Santschi, 1936

Solenopsis loretana casent0104996 profile 1.jpg

Solenopsis loretana casent0104996 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Solenopsis loretana was collected in an underground nest (25 cm deep) in Argentina. This species was collected in humid subtropical tall forest nesting in soil, in an edge of campo cerrado/low forest foraging at 240 m, in mixed citrus grove and in scrub forest in Paraguay. Solenopsis loretana was collected by baiting (surface wiener) in Brazil.

Identification

A New World thief ant that is a member of the molesta species complex. (Key to New World Solenopsis Species Complexes)

Pacheco and Mackay (2013) – Worker - This is small, concolorous brown species, with a quadrate head. The clypeal carinae are well developed and extend into well-developed lateral teeth. The extralateral teeth are solely present as small angles. The minor funicular segments 3-8 are relatively long, but the eye is small with only three ommatidia. The mesopleuron and metapleuron are covered with horizontal striae. The defining character for the worker is the large, globular postpetiolar node that resembles those present of species in the globularia species complex.

Solenopsis loretana may be confused with Solenopsis latastei because both species are concolorous brown and have similar clypeal carinae and teeth, but can be separated very easily by S. loretana's large globular postpetiole (similar to those species of the globularia group). Solenopsis loretana is easily separated from the members of the globularia species group as it has a small eye that has only 3-5 ommatidia; members of the globularia species complex nearly always have 15-25 ommatidia.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality), Brazil, Paraguay.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • loretana. Solenopsis (Oedaleocerus) loretana Santschi, 1936d: 406, figs. 6-8 (w.) ARGENTINA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Pacheco and Mackay (2013) - Measurements (n=3). TL 1.74-2.04 (1.84); HL 0.510-0.540 (0.520); HW 0.390-0.450 (0.414); EL 0.048; ED 0.030; SL 0.360-0.384 (0.368); FSL 0.168-0.180 (0.172); CI 76.5-83.3 (79.5); SI 70.6-71.1 (70.8); PL 0.060-0.066 (0.062); PW 0.12; PI 50.0-55.0 (51.7); PPL 0.15; PPW 0.180-0.216 (0.192); PPI 69.4-83.3 (78.7); WL 0.360-0.438 (0.398); PSL 0.030; PSW 0.030.

Small, concolorous brown; head quadrate, posterior border nearly straight; clypeal carinae well developed, extend into well-developed lateral teeth; extralateral teeth angular; scapes do not reach the posterior lateral corner of head; minor funicular segments 3-8 relatively long; frontal lobes with vertical striae; eye small (3 ommatidia); notopropodeal suture well depressed, notch-like; horizontal striae on mesopleuron and metapleuron; dorsal propodeal margin angular; propodeal spiracle relatively small; petiolar node thin, anterior and posterior faces nearly parallel, forming thin, triangular node, lacking tooth or flange on subpeduncular process; postpetiole large, globular node, resembles species in globularia species complex.

Moderately hairy; scapes covered with appressed hairs; remaining body surfaces covered with erect and suberect hairs of various lengths, with longest 0.120 mm in length, present on mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole.

Type Material

Argentina, Misiones, Loreto, Dr. A.A. Ogloblin. Nido en la tierra a 25ctms. de profundidad, Santschi, 2082, Sammlung, Dr. F. Santschi, Kairouan, (lectotype worker and 2 paralectotypes workers [here designated] Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel).

References