Strumigenys datryx

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Strumigenys datryx
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. datryx
Binomial name
Strumigenys datryx
Bolton, 2000

Strumigenys datryx casent0102662 profile 1.jpg

Strumigenys datryx casent0102662 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

One of the few known specimens was collected from a litter berlesate sample.


Bolton (2000) - A member of the smythiesii complex in the Strumigenys godeffroyi-group. See notes under Strumigenys lichiaensis. This minute species is superficially similar to the common and widely distributed Strumigenys rofocala. The latter lacks flagellate hairs on the hind basitarsus and has the base of the apical antennal segment attenuated and narrowly articulated to the preapical antennomere. In datryx a flagellate hair is present on the hind basitarsus and the apical antennal segment is broad basally and broadly articulated to the preapical segment.

Musfira et al. (2022) - Bolton (2000) noted that Strumigenys datryx is superficially similar in the worker morphology to Strumigenys rofocala. The worker of S. datryx can be distinguished from that of S. rofocala by the following characters:

  • a flagellate hair present on the hind basitarsus (vs. absent in S. rofocala)
  • the apical antennal segment broad basally and broadly articulated to the preapical segment (vs. the base of the apical antennal segment attenuated and narrowly articulated to the preapical antennomere in S. rofocala) (Bolton, 2000).

In the present study, we found clear differences in the queen morphology between S. datryx and S. rofocala (CASENT0104944, paratype, queen):

  • in S. datryx, the distance between the lateral ocelli is equal to the distance between the lateral and median ocelli and twice as long as the major axis of the median ocellus (vs. the distance between the lateral ocelli is shorter than the distance between the lateral and median ocelli and four times as long as the major axis of the median ocellus in S. rofocala)
  • the lateral surface of the pronotum is partially smooth and shiny (vs. entirely sculptured in S. rofocala)
  • the mesonotum and the propodeum are entirely smooth and shiny (vs. generally smooth and shiny, with its dorsolateral part sculptured)
  • the mesoscutum is densely covered with erect and appressed hairs (vs. sparsely covered with erect and appressed hairs)

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Explore-icon.png Explore Overview of Strumigenys biology 
Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • datryx. Strumigenys datryx Bolton, 2000: 806 (w.) INDONESIA (Sumatra).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype. TL 1.6, HL 0.43, HW 0.32, CI 74, ML 0.18, MI 42, SL 0.23, SI 72, PW 0.19, AL 0.44. Characters of smythiesii-complex. Apicoscrobal hair flagellate (distal portion of hair easily broken oft). Marginal pilosity anterior to this of quite dense simple hairs that are moderately long and strongly curved anteriorly. Cephalic dorsum reticulate-punctate, with short straight erect hairs present from level of highest point of vertex to occipital margin; hairs arising at about highest point of vertex longer than maximum diameter of eye. Pronotal humeral hair flagellate. Promesonotal dorsum finely punctulate-shagreenate, much less strongly sculptured than dorsum of head. Pronotal dorsum with 1-2, and mesonotum with 2-3 pairs of erect hairs. In holotype all these hairs are short and simple except for posteriormost mesonotal pair, which is flagellate. Some paratypes have 2 mesonotal pairs flagellate and one or two specimens have a pronotal flagellate pair. This suggests that undamaged specimens may have all promesonotal standing hairs flagellate. Dorsum of petiole node and disc of postpetiole smooth, or the petiole with the minutest vestiges of reticulate sculpture. Standing hairs on first gastral tergite fine, at least some of them flagellate or looped apically. Basigastral costulae shorter than disc of postpetiole.

Paratypes. TL 1.6-1.7, HL 0.43-0.44, HW 0.31-0.32, CI 70-74, ML 0.18-0.19, MI 41-43, SL 0.23-0.24, SI 72-77, PW 0.19-0.20, AL 0.44-0.46 (5 measured).

Type Material

Holotype worker, Indonesia: Sumatra, W Sum., Anai V. Nat. Res., 10 km. W Padangpanjan, 250 m., 17.xi.1989, #18 (Lobl, Agosti & Burckhardt) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève).

Paratypes. 1 worker, Indonesia: Sumatra, Jambi, Mt Kerinci, 3000 m., 12.xi.1989, #13 (Agosti, Lobl & Burckhardt); 4 workers, Sumatra, Sum. Barat, Kotomalintang, Maninjau Lake, 12.vii.1992, SUM 438, 750 m., litter berlesate (Deharveng & Bedos); 6 workers, Sumatra, Kotomalintang, 12.vii.1992, SUM 440, 750 m. (Deharveng & 8edos) (MHNG, The Natural History Museum, Museum of Comparative Zoology).


  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 806, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 65: 1-1028.