Archaeopone

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Archaeopone
Temporal range: Turonian, Cretaceous
Kzyl-Zhar, Kazakhstan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Uncertain
Genus: Archaeopone
Dlussky, 1975
Type species
Archaeopone kzylzharica
Diversity
2 fossil species

Identification

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ARCHAEOPONE [incertae sedis in Formicidae]
    • Archaeopone Dlussky, 1975: 120. Type-species: †Archaeopone kzylzharica Dlussky, 1975: 121, by original designation.

Taxonomic history

  • Archaeopone in Ponerinae: Dlussky, 1975: 120;
  • Archaeopone in †Armaniidae: Dlussky, 1983: 67; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77; Grimaldi, et al. 1997: 7.
  • Archaeopone in †Armaniinae, †Armaniini: Bolton, 1994: 187; Bolton, 2003: 259.
  • Archaeopone in †Sphecomyrminae: Wilson, 1987: 49.
  • Archaeopone incertae sedis in Formicidae: Borysenko, 2017: 14.
  • Archaeopone as junior synonym of †Sphecomyrma: Wilson, 1987: 49; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 9.
  • Archaeopone as genus: Dlussky, 1975: 120; Dlussky, 1983: 67; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77; Carpenter, 1992: 491; Bolton, 1994: 187; Grimaldi, et al. 1997: 7; subsequent authors; Borysenko, 2017: 14.
  • Archaeopone catalogues: Bolton, 1995b: 75.
  • Archaeopone references: Grimaldi, et al. 1997: 5 (notes).

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 187, Archaeopone in Armaniinae)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 187, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 75, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 259, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Carpenter, F. M. 1992. Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Part R. Arthropoda 4. Volume 4. Superclass Hexapoda. Boulder: Geological Society of America, pp. i-ii, 279-655. (page 491, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1975a. Superfamily Formicoidea Latreille, 1802. Family Formicidae Latreille, 1802. Pp. 114-122 in: Rasnitsyn, A. P. (ed.) Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic. Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk USSR 147:1-134. (page 120, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1975a. Superfamily Formicoidea Latreille, 1802. Family Formicidae Latreille, 1802. Pp. 114-122 in: Rasnitsyn, A. P. (ed.) Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic. Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk USSR 147:1-134. (page 120, Archaeopone in Ponerinae)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1983. A new family of Upper Cretaceous Hymenoptera: an "intermediate link" between the ants and the scolioids. Paleontol. Zh. 1983(3 3: 65-78 (page 67, Archaeopone in Armaniidae)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1983. A new family of Upper Cretaceous Hymenoptera: an "intermediate link" between the ants and the scolioids. Paleontol. Zh. 1983(3 3: 65-78 (page 67, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 77, Archaeopone in Armaniidae)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 77, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3208: 1-43 (page 7, Archaeopone in Armaniidae)
  • Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3208: 1-43 (page 7, Archaeopone as genus)
  • Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3208: 1-43 (page 5, notes)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 9, Archaeopone as junior synonym of Sphecomyrma)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1987b. The earliest known ants: an analysis of the Cretaceous species and an inference concerning their social organization. Paleobiol. 13: 44-53 (page 49, Archaeopone in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1987b. The earliest known ants: an analysis of the Cretaceous species and an inference concerning their social organization. Paleobiol. 13: 44-53 (page 49, Archaeopone as junior synonym of Sphecomyrma)