Mesostruma eccentrica

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Mesostruma eccentrica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Mesostruma
Species: M. eccentrica
Binomial name
Mesostruma eccentrica
Taylor, 1973

Mesostruma eccentrica casent0172471 profile 1.jpg

Mesostruma eccentrica casent0172471 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

In WA this ant has been collected from bark traps on Wandoo trunks at Dryandra and in litter at Westdale in the eastern Darling Range. (Heterick 2009)

Identification

This species is immediately recognisable by the presence of distinct teeth or short spines on the pronotal angles combined with the absence of wing-like projections on the lateral surfaces of the postpetiole. It shares the pronotal teeth with Mesostruma laevigata and is the only species in the genus which lacks postpetiolar wings.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Heterick (2009) - Widely distributed throughout southern Australia.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Ants in the genus Mesostruma are uncommon and form small colonies in soil, usually under or between rocks. They are predacious, foraging primarily on the ground in leaf litter but also occasionally on low vegetation. Roughly half the species have only been collected once. The remainder of the species are not well known either, at least in terms of the number of collections and what is known regarding their biology.

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • eccentrica. Mesostruma eccentrica Taylor, 1973: 31, pl. 2 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. See also: Shattuck, in Bolton, 2000: 50.

Type Material

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Shattuck (2000) - TL 2.8 - 4.2, HL 0.61 - 0.90, HW 0.59 - 0.84, CI 90 - 96, ML 0.25 - 0.34, MI 35 - 40, SL 0.37 - 0.50, SI 57 - 63, PW 0.38 - 0.60, AL 0.72 - 1.10. Head relatively broad (CI >= 90), its posterior margin concave. In dorsal view the anterolateral corners of pronotum armed with distinct teeth or short spines. Dorsum of mesosoma with shallow foveolate punctures of varying densities (more widely spaced medially, more densely spaced laterally), the area between the punctures with weak, indistinct sculpturing. Propodeal lamellae reduced to thin carinae. Sculpturing on the metaplerual gland bulb consisting of scattered rugae over a reticulate-punctate surface. Lateral surfaces of postpetiole rounded. First gastral segment immediately posterior of the postpetiole with evenly spaced, short rugae. Body colour yellow-red, petiole with light infuscation, legs slightly lighter.

Holotype Specimen Labels

References