Mianeuretus

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Mianeuretus
Temporal range: Oligocene-Eocene
Mianeuretus mirabilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Aneuretinae
Genus: Mianeuretus
Carpenter, 1930
Type species
Mianeuretus mirabilis
Diversity
2 fossil species
(Species Checklist)
Mianeuretus mirabilis Holotype queen

There are two fossil species in this genus, Mianeuretus mirabilis, known from Florissant shale (Oligocene) in the United Sates and the other species Mianeuretus eocenicus from Middle Eocene (Lutetian) Green River Formation, Colorado, USA. At this time Mianeuretus is placed within the Aneuretinae.

Identification

Female. - Moderate size; head distinctly longer than broad, rounded, slightly narrowed anteriorly; sides convex; eyes large, ocelli present; mandibles triangular, with blunt teeth; antennae slender, with eleven subequal segments; thorax about as broad as the head; petiole much longer than broad, surmounted posteriorly by a small node; gaster of moderate size. (Venation unknown)

Distribution

One specimen from Florissant shales of the United States (Oligocene) and the other Eocene from the Green River Formation, Colorado in the United States.

Castes

queen, worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • MIANEURETUS [Aneuretinae]
    • Mianeuretus Carpenter, 1930: 38. Type-species: †Mianeuretus mirabilis, by original designation.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 15, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 35, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 80, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Carpenter, F. M. 1930. The fossil ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 70: 1-66 (page 38, Mianeuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2003 [2002]. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Formation Green River and some other Middle Eocene deposits of North America. Russ. Entomol. J. 11(4): 411-436
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 2, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. (page 401, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Ward, P.S., Brady, S.G., Fisher, B.L. & Schultz, T.R. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of Dolichoderinae ants: effects of data partitioning and relict taxa on historical inference. Systematic Biology 59: 342-362 [1]
  • Wilson, E. O.; Eisner, T.; Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1956. Aneuretus simoni Emery, a major link in ant evolution. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 115: 81-99 (page 93, Mianeuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)