Aphaenogaster gibbosa

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Aphaenogaster gibbosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species group: gibbosa
Species: A. gibbosa
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster gibbosa
(Latreille, 1798)

Aphaenogaster gibbosa antweb1008051 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster gibbosa antweb1008051 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This ant was observed on larvae of Lampides boeticus that were feeding on Erophaca baetica in Sierra Morena, southern Spain (Obregon et al. 2015). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on or in soil in a Caspian moist littoral area.

Identification

A member of the Aphaenogaster gibbosa-group.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Bulgaria, France (type locality), Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Israel, Montenegro, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Gonçalves et al (2017) found Aphaenogaster gibbosa to be abundant in the Iberian vineyards they sampled (pitfall trapping).

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • gibbosa. Formica gibbosa Latreille, 1798: 50 (w.m.) FRANCE.
    • [Misspelled as gibossa by Ceballos, 1956: 297.]
    • Emery, 1908c: 333 (q.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Dalla Torre, 1893: 107; Emery, 1908c: 332;
    • combination in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster): Emery, 1895c: 303;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 57; Menozzi, 1921: 26.
    • Subspecies of testaceopilosa: Emery & Forel, 1879: 463.
    • Subspecies of subterranea: Dalla Torre, 1893: 107; Emery, 1895b: 71; Emery, 1895c: 303; Emery, 1898c: 139; Ruzsky, 1905b: 718.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1908c: 332; Forel, 1909c: 104; Forel, 1911d: 346; Karavaiev, 1912a: 5; Forel, 1915d: 36 (in key); Emery, 1916b: 130; Bondroit, 1918: 157; Emery, 1921f: 57; Menozzi, 1922b: 325; Santschi, 1923f: 328; Donisthorpe, 1926a: 6; Santschi, 1931a: 3; Santschi, 1932d: 338; Grandi, 1935: 99; Stitz, 1939: 116; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 81 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1059; Ceballos, 1956: 297; Cagniant, 1966b: 279; Bernard, 1967: 135 (redescription); Arnol’di, 1968: 1805; Cagniant, 1968a: 142; Kutter, 1968a: 59; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 60; Cagniant, 1970a: 415; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 49; Baroni Urbani, 1976: 209; Arnol'di, 1976b: 1024 (in key); Kutter, 1977c: 78; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 537 (in key); Collingwood, 1978: 79 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 53; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 270 (in key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 212; Attanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 109; Arakelian, 1994: 31; Schulz, A. 1994a: 424; Bolton, 1995b: 70; Poldi, et al. 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997b: 29; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 13 (in key) ; Petrov, 2006: 90 (in key); Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 137; Paknia, et al. 2008: 152; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 486; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 41; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 13; Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 18; Legakis, 2011: 6; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 464; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 16; Kiran, et al. 2013: 49 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 12 (see note in bibliography); Bračko, et al. 2014: 13; Lebas, et al. 2016: 256; Sharaf, Fisher, et al. 2018: 17 (in key); Salata & Borowiec, 2018a: 12 (in key); Gómez, et al. 2018: 221 (in key); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 42; Seifert, 2018: 176.
    • Senior synonym of barcinensis: Collingwood, 1978: 67; Bolton, 1995b: 70.
    • Senior synonym of chorassanica: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 212; Bolton, 1995b: 70.
    • Senior synonym of laevior Forel: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 60 (in text); Collingwood, 1978: 67; Bolton, 1995b: 70.
    • Senior synonym of striola: Emery, 1895c: 303; Forel, 1915d: 36 (in key); Emery, 1921f: 57; Bolton, 1995b: 70; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 486.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus homonyma.
  • barcinensis. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) gibbosa var. barcinensis Menozzi, 1922b: 325 (w.q.) SPAIN.
    • Subspecies of gibbosa: Ceballos, 1956: 298.
    • Junior synonym of gibbosa: Collingwood, 1978: 67; Bolton, 1995b: 68.
  • chorassanica. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) gibbosa subsp. chorassanica Arnol'di, 1968: 1805 (w.q.m.) TURKMENISTAN.
    • Junior synonym of gibbosa: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 212; Bolton, 1995b: 68.
  • laevior. Aphaenogaster striola var. laevior Forel, 1892g: 453 (w.) SPAIN.
    • [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex) longipes var. laevior Emery, 1887b: 456 (Bolton, 1995b: 70).]
    • [Misspelled as levior by Santschi, 1919e: 245, Schmitz, 1950: 15, and others.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1908c: 334.
    • Subspecies of gibbosa: Santschi, 1919e: 245; Emery, 1921f: 58; Menozzi, 1922b: 326; Emery, 1924c: 164; Schmitz, 1950: 15; Ceballos, 1956: 298.
    • Junior synonym of gibbosa: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 60 (in text); Collingwood, 1978: 67; Bolton, 1995b: 70.
  • striola. Atta striola Roger, 1859: 252 (w.m.) SPAIN, GREECE.
    • Emery, 1869b: 17 (q.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1861: 67 (in key); Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863: 397; Emery, 1869b: 17; Dours, 1873: 167; André, 1874: 197 (in key); André, 1883b: 362 (in key); Forel, 1889: 257; Forel, 1890a: lxxi; Dalla Torre, 1893: 105; Medina, 1893: 105.
    • Subspecies of subterranea: Emery & Forel, 1879: 462; Emery, 1891b: 8; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 106 (footnote).
    • Junior synonym of gibbosa: Emery, 1895c: 303; Forel, 1915d: 36 (in key); Emery, 1921f: 57; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 486.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 11; 16; 17, 2n = 34, karyotype = 4M+2SM+4ST+6T; 6M+4SM+8ST+16T (Switzerland) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983; Lorite et al., 2000; Palomeque et al., 1993b) (this karyotype is reported as fusion of two telocentric chromosomes).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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