Aphaenogaster kurdica

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online

Aphaenogaster kurdica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species group: subterranea
Species: A. kurdica
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster kurdica
Ruzsky, 1905

Aphaenogaster kurdica cfh000010 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster kurdica cfh000010 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 36.2976° to 36.2976°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russian Federation (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

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This species is a mutualist for the aphid Brachycaudus helichrysi (a trophobiont) (Mortazavi et al., 2015; Saddiqui et al., 2019).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • kurdica. Aphaenogaster subterranea var. kurdica Ruzsky, 1905b: 717 (w.) ARMENIA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Armenia (“Kavkaz, Elizabetpolsk gub.”), Zangezur, Shikhauz, 23.vi.1894 (K.A. Satunin).
    • Type-depository: ZMUM.
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 59.
    • Subspecies of smythiesii: Emery, 1908c: 332; Emery, 1921f: 59.
    • Status as species: Arnol'di, 1948: 211 (in list); Arakelian, 1994: 31; Bolton, 1995b: 70; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 137; Paknia, et al. 2008: 152; Kiran, et al. 2013: 49 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 14.
    • Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Dubovikoff D. A., and Z. M. Yusupov. 2018. Family Formicidae - Ants. In Belokobylskij S. A. and A. S. Lelej: Annotated catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Proceedingss of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 6: 197-210.
  • Gratiashvili N., Barjadze S. 2008. Checklist of the ants (Formicidae Latreille, 1809) of Georgia. Proceedings of the Institute of Zoology (Tbilisi) 23: 130-146.
  • Legakis Collection Database
  • Mortazavi Z. S., H. Sadeghi, N. Aktac, L. Depa, L. Fekrat. 2015. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and their aphid partners (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Mashhad region, Razavi Khorasan Province, with new records of aphids and ant species for fauna of Iran. Halteres 6:4-12.
  • Paknia O., A. Radchenko, H. Alipanah, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran. Myrmecological News 11: 151-159.