Camponotus fulvopilosus

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Camponotus fulvopilosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. fulvopilosus
Binomial name
Camponotus fulvopilosus
(De Geer, 1778)

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Camponotus fulvopilosus casent0280306 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa (type locality).
Oriental Region: India.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • fulvopilosus. Formica fulvopilosa De Geer, 1778: 613, pl. 45, figs. 13, 14 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Forel, 1879a: 108 (s.); Forel, 1910f: 25 (m.); Arnold, 1924: 737 (q.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 668;
    • combination in C. (Myrmepomis): Forel, 1912i: 92;
    • combination in C. (Myrmopiromis): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 985.
    • Status as species: Retzius, 1783: 75; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 213; Smith, F. 1858b: 32; Mayr, 1862: 668 (redescription); Mayr, 1863: 399; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1865: 36; Forel, 1879a: 108; Emery, 1886: 356; Forel, 1886f: 192; Dalla Torre, 1893: 232; Mayr, 1895: 150; Emery, 1895h: 54; Emery, 1896d: 376 (in list); Forel, 1910f: 25; Emery, 1912c: 2; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 985; Stitz, 1923: 165; Arnold, 1924: 736; Emery, 1925b: 128; Marsh, 1986: 342; Robertson, 1990: 327; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8 (redescription); Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 24.
    • Senior synonym of detritoides: Robertson, 1990: 327; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
    • Senior synonym of flavopilosus: Robertson, 1990: 327; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
    • Senior synonym of pilosa: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 213; Smith, F. 1858b: 32; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 36; Dalla Torre, 1893: 232; Emery, 1896d: 376; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 985; Emery, 1925b: 128; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
    • Senior synonym of rufiventris: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 213; Smith, F. 1858b: 32; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 36; Emery, 1896d: 376; Forel, 1905b: 161; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 985; Emery, 1925b: 128; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
  • detritoides. Camponotus fulvopilosus var. detritoides Forel, 1910f: 25 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Combination in C. (Myrmopiromis): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 986.
    • Subspecies of fulvopilosus: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 986; Emery, 1925b: 128.
    • Junior synonym of fulvopilosus: Robertson, 1990: 327; Bolton, 1995b: 96; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
  • flavopilosus. Camponotus fulvopilosus var. flavopilosus Emery, 1895h: 54 (w.) NAMIBIA.
    • Forel, 1910f: 25 (m.); Santschi, 1930b: 78 (q.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmopiromis): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 986.
    • Subspecies of fulvopilosus: Emery, 1896d 376 (in list); Forel, 1910f: 25; Forel, 1911e: 291; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 986; Arnold, 1924: 738; Emery, 1925b: 128; Santschi, 1930b: 78; Santschi, 1937d: 243.
    • Junior synonym of fulvopilosus: Robertson, 1990: 327; Bolton, 1995b: 100; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
  • pilosa. Formica pilosa Olivier, 1792: 498 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Junior synonym of cruentatus: Smith, F. 1858b: 30.
    • Junior synonym of fulvopilosus: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 213; Smith, F. 1858b: 32; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 36; Dalla Torre, 1893: 232; Emery, 1896d: 376; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 985; Emery, 1925b: 128; Bolton, 1995b: 117; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.
  • rufiventris. Formica rufiventris Fabricius, 1804: 409 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA (“Habitat ad Cap. Bon. Spei.”).
    • Junior synonym of fulvopilosus: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 213; Smith, F. 1858b: 32; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 36; Emery, 1896d: 376; Forel, 1905b: 161; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 985; Emery, 1925b: 128; Bolton, 1995b: 121; Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 8.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Formica pilosa

Two worker syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Sar 26.” Oxford University Museum of Natural History also has specimens labelled “Sum.” and “Sar 24.”

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1924. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part VI. Camponotinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 675-766 (page 737, queen described)
  • De Geer, C. 1778. Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des insectes. Tome septième. Stockholm: Pierre Hesselberg, 950 pp. (page 613, pl. 45, figs. 13, 14 worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1879a. Études myrmécologiques en 1879 (deuxième partie [1re partie en 1878]). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 16: 53-128 (page 108, soldier described)
  • Forel, A. 1910e. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschr. M (page 25, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 92, Combination in C. (Myrmepomis))
  • Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, A. 1835 [1836]. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Hyménoptères. Tome I. Paris: Roret, 547 pp. (page 213, Senior synonym of pilosa and rufiventris)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 668, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Pekár, S., Haddad, C. 2011. Trophic strategy of ant-eating Mexcala elegans (Araneae: Salticidae): looking for evidence of evolution of prey-specialization. Journal of Arachnology 39, 133–138 (doi:10.1636/hi10-56.1).
  • Robertson, H. G. 1990. Unravelling the Camponotus fulvopilosus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pp. 327-328 in: Veeresh, G. K., Mallik, B., Viraktamath, C. A. (eds.) Social insects and the environment. Proceedings of the 11th International Con (page 327, Senior synonym of detritoides and flavopilosus)
  • Robertson, H. G.; Zachariades, C. 1997. Revision of the Camponotus fulvopilosus (De Geer) species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Afr. Entomol. 5: 1-18 (page 8, see also)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 32, Senior synonym of pilosa and rufiventris)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 985, Combination in C. (Myrmopiromis))
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 985, Senior synonym of pilosa and rufiventris)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Addison P., and M. J. Samways. 2000. A survey of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) that forage in vineyards in the Western Cape Province, South Africa
  • Arnold G. 1924. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part VI. Camponotinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14: 675-766.
  • Botes, A., M.A. McGeoch, H.G. Robertson, A. van Niekerk, H.P. Davids and S.L. Chown. 2006. Ants, altitude and change in the northern Cape Floristic Region. Journal of Biogeography 33:71-90
  • Campbell H., M. D. E. Fellowes, and J. M. Cook. . Species diversity and dominance-richness relationships for ground and arboreal ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) assemblages in Namibian desert, saltpan, and savannah. Myrmecological News 21: 37-47.
  • Dean, W. R. J. and Bond, W. J. 1990. Evidence for Rapid Faunal Changes on Islands in a Man-Made Lake. Oecologia. 83:388-391.
  • Emery C. 1886. Alcune formiche africane. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 18: 355-366.
  • Emery C. 1895. Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3e mémoire. Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64: 15-56.
  • Forel A. 1886. Études myrmécologiques en 1886.. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 30: 131-215.
  • Forel A. 1910. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschriften der Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 16: 1-30.
  • Forel A. 1911. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303.
  • Hanrahan S. A., M. J. Steinbauer, and F. D. Duncan. 2014. Ant assemblages in a poorly sampled part of the arid Nama Karoo. African Entomology 22(2): 448–453.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Koch F., and K. Vohland. 2004. Ants along a southern African transect - a basis for biodiversity change monitoring (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 80(2): 261-273.
  • Lindsey P. A., and J. D. Skinner. 2001. Ant composition and activity patterns as determined by pitfall trapping and other methods in three habitats in the semi-arid Karoo. Journal of Arid Environments 48: 551-568.
  • Marsh A. C. 1986. Checklist, biological notes and distribution of ants in the central Namib Desert. Madoqua 14: 333-344.
  • Prins A. J. 1967. The ants of our National Parks. Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science 10(1): 63-81.
  • Robertson H. G. 2000. Formicidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). Cimbebasia Memoir 9: 371-382.
  • Robertson H. G. and C. Zachariades. 1997. Revision of the Camponotus fulvopilosus (De Geer) species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). African Entomology 5: 1-18
  • Santschi F. 1937. Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola (2me voyage) 1932-1933. Fourmis angolaises. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 44: 211-250.
  • Santschi, F.. "Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola, 1928-1929. Formicides de l'Angola." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 37 (1930): 53-81.
  • Stitz H. 1923. Hymenoptera, VII. Formicidae. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Land- und Süsswasserfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas 2: 143-167.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004