Camponotus nitidior

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Camponotus nitidior
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. nitidior
Binomial name
Camponotus nitidior
(Santschi, 1921)

Camponotus nitidior casent0280323 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus nitidior casent0280323 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

This species builds nests of sewn-together leaves (Wilson 1981, Fernández 2002). They use larval silk to attach leaves together and to make silk sheets and baffles. The nest walls are a combination of leaves and silk sheets. The silk sheets and baffles are a combination of silk and masticated plant fibers. (Taken from John Longino's Ants of Costa Rica http://academic.evergreen.edu/projects/ants/AntsofCostaRica.html)

Flight muscle ratio (ratio of wing muscle mass to body mass, i.e. a predictor of flight ability) for C. nitidior queens suggests that they found colonies non-claustrally (Helms & Kaspari 2015). Moreover, fat content in the abdomen was low. This strategy of independent foundation needs to be confirmed with field observations, and it would be exceptional in this genus. Non-claustral foundation is similarly predicted by the large relative size of the prothorax (see Antweb image below), which probably reflects worker-like neck muscles needed for foraging (Keller et al. 2014).

Castes

Major workers absent

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nitidior. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. nitidior Santschi, 1921g: 102 (w.) PANAMA. Combination in C. (Dendromyrmex): Fernández, 2002: 71. Raised to species and senior synonym of isthmicus: Fernández, 2002: 71.
  • isthmicus. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. isthmicus Weber, 1943b: 76 (q.) PANAMA. Junior synonym of nitidior: Fernández, 2002: 71.

Description

References