Camponotus nitidior

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Camponotus nitidior
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. nitidior
Binomial name
Camponotus nitidior
(Santschi, 1921)

Camponotus nitidior casent0280323 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus nitidior casent0280323 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 19.5166667° to -0.6364°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


This species builds nests of sewn-together leaves (Wilson 1981, Fernández 2002). They use larval silk to attach leaves together and to make silk sheets and baffles. The nest walls are a combination of leaves and silk sheets. The silk sheets and baffles are a combination of silk and masticated plant fibers. (Taken from John Longino's Ants of Costa Rica

Flight muscle ratio (ratio of wing muscle mass to body mass, i.e. a predictor of flight ability) for C. nitidior queens suggests that they found colonies non-claustrally (Helms & Kaspari 2015). Moreover, fat content in the abdomen was low. This strategy of independent foundation needs to be confirmed with field observations, and it would be exceptional in this genus. Non-claustral foundation is similarly predicted by the large relative size of the prothorax (see Antweb image below), which probably reflects worker-like neck muscles needed for foraging (Keller et al. 2014).


Major workers absent

Images from AntWeb

Camponotus nitidior casent0280324 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior casent0280324 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior casent0280324 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior casent0280324 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0280324. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Camponotus nitidior casent0912084 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior casent0912084 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior casent0912084 h 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus nitidiorWorker. Specimen code casent0912084. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.
Camponotus nitidior inbiocri002281550 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281550 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281550 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281550 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code inbiocri002281550. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by JTLC.
Camponotus nitidior inbiocri002281554 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281554 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281554 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281554 l 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281554 p 2 high.jpg
Queen (alate/dealate). Specimen code inbiocri002281554. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by JTLC.
Camponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 l 1 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 d 2 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 p 2 high.jpgCamponotus nitidior inbiocri002281555 p 3 high.jpg
Male (alate). Specimen code inbiocri002281555. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by JTLC.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • nitidior. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. nitidior Santschi, 1921g: 102 (w.) PANAMA.
    • Combination in C. (Dendromyrmex): Fernández, 2002: 71.
    • Fernández, 2002: 76 (m.).
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Emery, 1925b: 174; Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Status as species: Fernández, 2002: 71 (redescription); Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 256; Mackay & Mackay, 2019: 764.
    • Senior synonym of isthmicus: Fernández, 2002: 71.
  • isthmicus. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. isthmicus Weber, 1943b: 76 (q.) PANAMA (Barro Colorado I.).
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nitidior: Fernández, 2002: 71.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Basset Y., L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K. Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaards, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl et al. 2012. Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest. Science 338(6113): 1481-1484.
  • Branstetter M. G. and L. Sáenz. 2012. Las hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de Guatemala. Pp. 221-268 in: Cano E. B. and J. C. Schuster. (eds.) 2012. Biodiversidad de Guatemala. Volumen 2. Guatemala: Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, iv + 328 pp
  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology
  • Fernández F. 2002. Revisión de las hormigas Camponotus subgénero Dendromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo). 42: 47-101.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino J. T. 2013. Ants of Honduras. Consulted on 18 Jan 2013.
  • Longino J. T. 2013. Ants of Nicargua. Consulted on 18 Jan 2013.
  • Longino J. T., J. Coddington, and R. K. Colwell. 2002. The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83: 689-702.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at
  • Longino, J.T. 2010. Personal Communication. Longino Collection Database
  • Rocha-Ortega M., and M. E. Favila. 2013. The recovery of ground ant diversity in secondary Lacandon tropical forests. Journal of Insect Conservation 17(6): 1161-1167.
  • Ryder Wilkie K.T., A. L. Mertl, and J. F. A. Traniello. 2010. Species Diversity and Distribution Patterns of the Ants of Amazonian Ecuador. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13146.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013146
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
  • Weber N. A. 1943. New ants from Venezuela and neighboring countries. Bol. Entomol. Venez. 2: 67-78.
  • Weber N. A. 1944. The tree ants (Dendromyrmex) of South and Central America. Ecology 25: 117-120.