Crematogaster auberti

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Crematogaster auberti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. auberti
Binomial name
Crematogaster auberti
Emery, 1869

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Crematogaster auberti casent0281539 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This ant was observed on larvae of Lampides boeticus that were feeding on Erophaca baetica in Sierra Morena, southern Spain. It has also been associated with the butterflies Glaucopsyche alexis, Pseudophilotes abencerragus and Tomares ballus (Obregon et al. 2015).

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

It occurs in North Africa, South Europe and Saudi Arabia to Iraq (Abdul-Rassoul et al. 2013).

Sharaf et al. (2019): This species was initially described from France and seems to have a broad distribution range from the south of France, the Iberian Peninsula, and the Canary Islands through all of North Africa to the Middle East, but is also found throughout the Balkans (Sharaf 2006; Borowiec and Salata 2012; Borowiec 2014; Guénard et al. 2017; Janicki et al. 2017). On the Arabian Peninsula it has been only recorded from the KSA (Collingwood 1985; Collingwood and Agosti 1996; Borowiec and Salata 2012; Borowiec 2014).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Egypt, France (type locality), Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Spain, Turkey.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • auberti. Crematogaster auberti Emery, 1869b: 23 (footnote) (w.) FRANCE. André, 1883b: 395 (q.); Emery, 1891b: 14 (m.). Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 142; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Subspecies of scutellaris: Emery & Forel, 1879: 464; of schmidti: Emery, 1891b: 14; of inermis: Emery, 1926: 3. Status as species: Forel, 1894d: 24; Forel, 1902a: 152; Bondroit, 1918: 115; Karavaiev, 1927b: 104; Finzi, 1930b: 15; Santschi, 1937e: 300. Senior synonym of iberica: Collingwood, 1978: 69. Current subspecies: nominal plus karawaewi, levithorax, nigripes, regilla, savinae, vogti.
  • iberica. Crematogaster auberti var. iberica Forel, 1909c: 103 (w.) SPAIN. Menozzi, 1922b: 327 (m.). Junior synonym of auberti: Collingwood, 1978: 69.

Taxonomic Notes

Sharaf et al. (2019): This is likely one of the most problematic species treated in this study. The taxonomic history provided above is complex with numerous status changes and infraspecific taxa. Borowiec (2014) states that all records from the eastern parts of the Mediterranean region are doubtful and likely misidentifications. If so, this would mean that the material from KSA is probably another species. However, at present and without a meaningful treatment of the European Crematogaster fauna, it is not possible for us to ascertain the genuine identity of this species. Thus, we maintain it as C. auberti for the moment and await further study of type material in European collections which might help elucidate its real identity.

Description

References

  • Abdul-Rassoul, M.S., Ali, H.B. & Augul, R.SH. 2013. New Records of Unidentified Ants worker (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) stored in Iraqi Natural History Museum with key to Species. Adv. Biores., Vol 4 (2): 27-33.
  • André, E. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 395, queen described)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 115, Status as species)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 69, Senior synonym of iberica)
  • Emery, C. 1869b. Enumerazione dei formicidi che rinvengonsi nei contorni di Napoli con descrizioni di specie nuove o meno conosciute. Ann. Accad. Aspir. Nat. Secunda Era 2: 1-26 (page 23, (footnote) worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 14, male described, Variety of schmidti)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 142, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
  • Emery, C. 1926. Ultime note mirmecologiche. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 58: 1-9 (page 3, Variety of inermis)
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 464, Variety of scutellaris)
  • Finzi, B. 1930b. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Westalgerien und Marokko. III. Teil. Ameisen aus Marokko und Westalgerien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I 139: 14-16 (page 15, Status as species)
  • Forel, A. 1894d. Les Formicides de la Province d'Oran (Algérie). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 30: 1-45 (page 24, Status as species)
  • Forel, A. 1902a. Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 46: 147-158 (page 152, Status as species)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1927c [1926]. Myrmekologische Miszellen. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 27: 104-112 (page 104, Status as species)
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.
  • Santschi, F. 1937e. Contribution à l'étude des Crematogaster paléarctiques. Mém. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 5: 295-317 (page 300, Status as species)
  • Sharaf, M.R., Aldawood, A.S., Hita Garcia, F. 2019. Review of the Arabian Crematogaster Lund (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), synoptic list, distribution, and description of two new species from Oman and Saudi Arabia. ZooKeys 898: 27–81 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.898.37531).