Arnold (1951) - The habits of the two species are also very different. Whereas Hagensia peringueyi can be seen on the slopes of Nordhoek wandering about on the ground in the brightest sunlight, havilandi is a crepuscular and nocturnal species. At Umhlanga Rocks, on the Natal coast, during a period of over three weeks, they were never seen moving about during the day time, even in the shade of the dense beach bush, but came out of their nests only some time after sunset. Many nests were found on the sloping banks of the road on the seaward side of the beach bush. The entrance is a small hole, about 5 mm. wide, and recognizable in some cases by the talus of excavated soil at the foot of the slope. There were at least two dozen workers in each nest, in which I was unable to find any remains of their prey.
|At a Glance||• Gamergate|
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Arnold (1951) - This species can be distinguished from Hagensia peringueyi not only by its larger size, but also by the matt surface of the whole body. The sculpture of the head is reticulate-punctate, resolvable under a magnification of 30 diameters, whereas in peringueyi the necessary magnification is from 45 to 50 diameters, and the interspaces are as wide as the punctures. The head is very nearly one-quarter longer than wide, but in peringueyi only one-sixth longer. The mandibles are closely striolate on the basal half and the fovea is oblique, as in perinqueyi, but shallower. The slope of the anterior part of the pronotal dorsum is steeper than in peringueyi and the lateral carinae are more convex. The mesonotum is as long as wide, or not so wide as in peringueyi, in which it is about one-third wider than long.
Male. 12 mm. long. Differ from the males of peringueyi, var. godfreyi in having a duller abdomen, denser decumbent whitish pubescence, a shorter petiole without the small recurved teeth on each side of the base, and the slightly longer scape, which is equal to more than half the length of the third joint of the flagellum.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- havilandi. Megaloponera (Hagensia) havilandi Forel, 1901f: 333 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Arnold, 1915: 68 (m.). Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Arnold, 1915: 67; in Hagensia: Arnold, 1926: 203; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 305. Senior synonym of sulcigera: Arnold, 1915: 67. Current subspecies: nominal plus fochi, godfreyi, marleyi.
- sulcigera. Euponera (Mesoponera) sulcigera Mayr, 1904a: 593 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of havilandi: Arnold, 1915: 67.
- Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).
- Villet, M. 1992. The social biology of Hagensia havilandi (Forel 1901) (Hymenoptera Formicidae), and the origin of queenlessness in ponerine ants. Trop. Zool., 5, 195-206.
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Arnold G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14: 1-159.
- Arnold G. 1951. The genus Hagensia Forel (Formicidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa. 14: 53-56.
- Forel A. 1901. Nouvelles espèces de Ponerinae. (Avec un nouveau sous-genre et une espèce nouvelle d'Eciton). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 9: 325-353.
- Forel A. 1910. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschriften der Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 16: 1-30.
- IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
- Joma A. M. A., and W. P. Mackay. 2012. A new species of Afrotropical ants in the genus Bothroponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). Psyche 2013: Article ID 917847, (doi:10.1155/2013/917847): 8 pp.
- Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004