Holcoponera extra

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Holcoponera extra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ectatomminae
Tribe: Ectatommini
Genus: Holcoponera
Species: H. extra
Binomial name
Holcoponera extra
(Lattke, 1995)

Gnamptogenys extra P casent0179995.jpg

Gnamptogenys extra D casent0179995.jpg

Specimen Label

Nothing is known about the biology of Holcoponera extra.


This species has a fairly pointed petiolar node apex, but it doesn’t approach the extremely pointed condition of Holcoponera acuta. The node is more robust and subquadrate (lateral view) than in other species and is reminiscent of the condition in Gnamptogenys tortuolosa. This species could be closely related to Holcoponera striatula on account of the node shape (erect) and the lacking anterior peduncle. (Lattke 1995)

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 5.13333° to -0.3094°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Ecuador (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • extra. Gnamptogenys extra Lattke, 1995: 167, figs. 45-47 (w.) ECUADOR, COLOMBIA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 3 paratype workers.
    • Type-locality: holotype Ecuador: Pichincha, Tinalandia, 16 km. SE Santo Domingo de Los Colorados, vi.1976 (S. & J. Peck); paratypes: 1 worker with same data, 2 workers Colombia: Chocó, Lloró, Vereda Peñaloza, 26.iii.1988 (V. James).
    • Type-depositories: MIZA (holotype); BMNH, LACM, MCZC (paratypes).
    • Combination in Holcoponera: Camacho, Franco, Branstetter, et al. 2022: 11.
    • Status as species: Lattke, et al. 2004: 345; Lattke, et al. 2007: 259 (in key); Lattke, et al. 2008: 87; Feitosa & Prada-Achiardi, 2019: 671; Camacho, Franco, Branstetter, et al. 2022: 11.
    • Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype (Paratypes) measurements: HL 1.20 (1.10-1.12); HW 1.00 (0.94-l.00); ML 0.34 (0.30-0.34); ED 0.16 (0.14-0.18); SL 1.26 (l.00-1.20); WL l.68 (1.44-1.50) mm; CI 0.83 (0.85-0.98); SI 1.26 (1.06-1.20); IO 0.16 (0.15-0.19) n = 4.

With head in frontal view: vertexal margin straight, laterally convex with eyes slightly behind midlength, and anterior clypeal margin convex; mandibles triangular with dorsal striae; scapes relatively thick in appearance and surpassing vertexal margin; vertex with 2-3 transverse costulae; anterior pronotal face with 5-7 transverse costulae, dorsally with anteriorly arching costulae; costulae on mesonotal concentric or longitudinal; costulate on metanotum and dorsal propodeal face transverse to longitudinal, sometimes arched; declivitous propodeal face with longitudinal costulae that diverge posteriorly, basally with 2-3 transverse costulae.

Petiolar node in lateral view subquadrate, with broad anterodorsal convexity and sharp posterior drop with overhanging apex; subpetiolar apex is an anteriorly projecting lobe; anterior postpetiolar face with transverse costulae that arch back and become longitudinal posteriorly; rest of dorsal gastric costulae longitudinal, divergent on posterior postpetiolar sternum; ventral stridulitrum present on fourth abdominal segment. Scapes with abdundant decumbent pilosity and no suberect or subdecumbent hairs; decumbent pilosity also present on coxae and legs, with no standing hairs; sparse suberect hairs on rest of body. Body dark brown, legs and antennae slightly lighter.

Paratype Specimen Labels

Type Material

Holotype worker. Ecuador, Pichincha: Tinalandia, 16 km SE Santo Domingo de Los Colorados, VI-1976, S. & J. Peck, leg. Deposited in Instituto de Zoologia Agricola. Paratypes: (1) One worker with the same data as the holotype. Deposited in Museum of Comparative Zoology. (2) Two workers from Colombia, Choco: Lloro, Vereda Penaloza, 26-III-1988, V. Jaimes, leg. One worker in The Natural History Museum and Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, respectively.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Lattke J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 4: 137-193
  • Lattke J. E., F. Fernández, E. E. Palacio. 2004. Una nueva especie de Gnamptogenys (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) y comentarios sobre las especies del género en Colombia y Ecuador. Iheringia. Série Zoologia 94: 341-349.
  • Lozano-Zambrano F. H., E. Jimenez, T. M. Arias-Penna, A. M. Arcila, J. Rodriguez, and D. P. Ramirez. 2008. Biogeografía de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Pp. 349-406. in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.