Mesoponera subiridescens

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Mesoponera subiridescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Mesoponera
Species: M. subiridescens
Binomial name
Mesoponera subiridescens
(Wheeler, W.M., 1922)

Pachycondyla subiridescens casent0003151 profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla subiridescens casent0003151 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 3.383333333° to -20.45°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Democratic Republic of Congo (type locality), Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



MCZ ENT Pachycondyla MOZ sp5 hef 4x.jpgMCZ ENT Pachycondyla MOZ sp5 hal 2.jpgMCZ ENT Pachycondyla MOZ sp5 had 2.5x.jpgMCZ ENT Pachycondyla MOZ sp5 lbs.jpg
. Owned by Museum of Comparative Zoology.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • subiridescens. Euponera (Mesoponera) subiridescens Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 83, fig. 15 (w.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO.
    • Type-material: 6 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: 4 workers Democratic Republic of Congo (“Belgian Congo”): Akenge, stomach of Bufo polycercus (Lang & Chapin); other syntypes: 1 worker Medje, stomach of Bufo superciliaris (Lang & Chapin), 1 worker Ngayu, stomach of Bufo tuberosus (Lang & Chapin).
    • Type-depository: MCZC.
    • [Misspelled as subiridens by Santschi, 1939b: 237.]
    • Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 310;
    • combination in Mesoponera: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 111.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 777; Santschi, 1935b: 260 (in key); Santschi, 1939b: 237; Menozzi, 1942: 166; Weber, 1943c: 299; Eidmann, 1944: 434; Bolton, 1995b: 310; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 221.
    • Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, South Sudan, Uganda, Zimbabwe.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Eidmann H. 1944. Die Ameisenfauna von Fernando Poo. 27. Beitrag zu den Ergebnissen der Westafrika-Expedition. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Ökol. Geogr. Tiere 76: 413-490.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Menozzi C. 1942. Formiche dell'isola Fernando Poo e del territorio del Rio Muni (Guinea Spagnola). 24. Beitrag zu den wissenschaftlichen Ergebnissen der Forschungsreise H. Eidmann nach Spanisch-Guinea 1939 bis 1940. Zoologischer Anzeiger 140: 164-182.
  • Nsengimana V., K. A. Beth, F. Frederic, K. M. M. Lombart, D. Wouter, and N. Donat. 2018. Use of soil and litter ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as biological indicators of soil quality under different land uses in Southern Rwanda. Environmental Entomology 47(6): 1394-1401.
  • Ross S. R. P. J., F. Hita Garcia, G. Fischer, and M. K. Peters. 2018. Selective logging intensity in an East African rain forest predicts reductions in ant diversity. Biotropica 1-11.
  • Weber N. A. 1943. The ants of the Imatong Mountains, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 93: 263-389.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 39-269.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004
  • Yamagiwa J., N. Mwanza, T. Yumoto, and T. Maruhasi. 1991. Ant eating by Eastern lowland Gorilla. Primates 32(2): 247-253.