Messor rufus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Messor rufus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. rufus
Binomial name
Messor rufus
Santschi, 1923

Messor rufus casent0907724 p 1 high.jpg

Messor rufus casent0907724 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 42.5° to 32.65°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufus. Messor barbarus subsp. rufus Emery, 1922c: 96.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Uzbekistan: Fergana region (V. Sovinsky).
    • Type-depository: SIZK.
    • [First available use of Messor barbarus subsp. meridionalis var. rufa Karavaiev, 1910a: 272 (in text) (w.) UZBEKISTAN; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d: 7 (q.m.).
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1921f: 71.
    • Subspecies of minor: Santschi, 1927c: 240; Santschi, 1927d: 247.
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1923f: 326; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 45; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d: 6; Dlussky, 1962: 179; Arnol'di, 1977b: 1642 (in key); Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 1981: 147; Bolton, 1995b: 256; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 203; Borowiec, M.L. et al. 2009: 378; Borowiec, L. 2014: 111 (see note in bibliography); Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 135.
    • Senior synonym of karawajevi: Arnol'di, 1977b: 1642 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 256; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 203.
    • Senior synonym of similis: Santschi, 1927d: 248; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d: 6; Arnol'di, 1977b: 1642 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 256.
    • Material of the unavailable name karawayewi referred here by Emery, 1922c: 96; Santschi, 1927c: 240.
    • Distribution: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Uzbekistan.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus striolatus.
  • karawajevi. Messor karawajevi Tarbinsky, 1976: 59.
    • Type-material: holotype (?) worker.
    • Type-locality: “Asie”: Tergana, Padschaa (Karawayew).
    • [Note: country of type-locality in doubt; perhaps Kyrgyzstan, or perhaps Tergana = Fergana (Uzbekistan).]
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • [First available use of Messor barbarus st. clivorum var. karawayewi Santschi, 1917e: 92 (w.q.m.) KYRGYZSTAN; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • [Misspelled as karawaiewi by Emery, 1921b: 211, Emery, 1922c: 96; misspelled as karawayewi by Emery, 1921f: 70.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1921b: 211; Emery, 1921f: 70; Emery, 1922c: 92; Santschi, 1927d: 248.
    • Material referred to rufus by Emery, 1922c: 96.
    • Junior synonym of rufus: Arnol'di, 1977b: 1642; Bolton, 1995b: 254; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 203.
  • similis. Messor similis Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927a: 93 (in key) (w.q.m.) KYRGYZSTAN, KAZAKHSTAN, UZBEKISTAN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-localities: Kyrgyzstan: Karasu Tal, ca 80 km. NE Namangan, Lake Sary-Chelek, Kara Alma in Kugart Tal (no collector’s name, perhaps Kuznetsov-Ugamsky), Kazakhstan: Ispaj, Uzun-Atschak, Tepar, Kizil Valley in the upper reaches of River Ugam, Koshkarata (Karatau) (no collector’s name, perhaps Kuznetsov-Ugamsky), Uzbekistan: Pskem, Aktash Mountains, Kokbel between Turlan Pass and Kazanbulak in Karatau (no collector’s name, perhaps Kuznetsov-Ugamsky).
    • Type-depository: ZMUM.
    • Synonym of the unavailable name karawayewi Santschi, 1917e: 92: Santschi, 1927d: 248.
    • Status as species: Collingwood, 1970: 375 (in text).
    • Junior synonym of karawajevi: Tarbinsky, 1976: 59.
    • Junior synonym of rufus: Santschi, 1927d: 248; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d: 6; Arnol'di, 1977b: 1642 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 257.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Schultz, R., A. G. Radchenko, and B. Seifert. "A critical checklist of the ants of Kyrgyzstan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 201-207.
  • Tohme G. 1996. Formicidae. Etude de la diversité biologique n° 4 . Ministère de l’Agriculture à Beyrouth (Eds.). P85-87.
  • Tohme G., and H. Tohme. 2014. Nouvelles liste des especes de fourmis du Liban (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea). Lebanese Science Journal 15(1): 133-141.
  • Tohmé, G., and H. Tohmé. "Les fourmis du genre Messor en Syrie. Position systématique. Description de quelques ailés et de formes nouvelles. Répartition géographique." Ecologia Mediterranea 7 (1) (1981): 139-153, fig. 1-22.