Monomorium clavicorne

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Monomorium clavicorne
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species group: monomorium
Species: M. clavicorne
Binomial name
Monomorium clavicorne
André, 1881

Monomorium clavicorne casent0913568 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium clavicorne casent0913568 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Sharaf, Al Dhafer et al. (2018): Little is known of the biology of the species. The single specimen available was found in a cultivated area with a sewage water stream. It was coexisting with Tapinoma simrothi, Trichomyrmex mayri and Tetramorium caespitum. Due to the relatively broad regional distribution of the species it might be an introduction to Saudi Arabia.

At a Glance • Limited invasive  


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 35.825556° to 35.825556°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Israel (type locality), Oman, Tunisia (type locality), Türkiye.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Monomorium clavicorne casent0915416 h 1 high.jpgMonomorium clavicorne casent0915416 p 1 high.jpgMonomorium clavicorne casent0915416 d 1 high.jpgMonomorium clavicorne casent0915416 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Monomorium clavicorneWorker. Specimen code casent0915416. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MNHN, Paris, France.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • clavicorne. Monomorium clavicorne André, 1881b: 68, pl. 3, fig. 9 (w.) ISRAEL.
    • Type-material: holotype (?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: Israel: Jaffa (= Tel Aviv-Yafo) (Abeille de Perrin).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Combination in M. (Mitara): Santschi, 1915a: 58;
    • combination in M. (Lampromyrmex): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 876.
    • Subspecies of orientale: Mayr, 1904b: 4; Emery, 1908h: 685; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 876.
    • Status as species: André, 1883a: 332 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 66; Santschi, 1915a: 58; Emery, 1922e: 183; Menozzi, 1933b: 64 (in key); Ettershank, 1966: 88; Collingwood, 1985: 270; Kugler, J. 1988: 257; Bolton, 1995b: 260; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 43; Aldawood & Sharaf, 2011: 52 (in key); Collingwood, et al. 2011: 433; El-Hawagry, et al. 2013: 73 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 117 (see note in bibliography); Sharaf, Al Dhafer, et al. 2018: 9 (redescription).
    • Senior synonym of punicum: Sharaf, Al Dhafer, et al. 2018: 9.
    • Distribution: Egypt, Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates.
  • punicum. Monomorium (Mitara) clavicorne var. punica Santschi, 1915a: 58, fig. 4 (w.) TUNISIA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Tunisia: Sousse (Normand).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Combination in M. (Lampromyrmex): Emery, 1922e: 183.
    • Subspecies of clavicorne: Emery, 1922e: 183; Ettershank, 1966: 91; Bolton, 1995b: 266.
    • Junior synonym of clavicorne: Sharaf, Al Dhafer, et al. 2018: 9.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Barech G., M. Khaldi, X. Espadaler, and H. Cagniant. 2017. The genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the Maghreb (North Africa): Identification key, redescription of Monomorium major Bernard, 1953 and new records from Algeria. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 61: 151-157.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Ettershank G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Aust. J. Zool. 14: 73-171.
  • Ghahari H., and C. A. Collingwood. 2011. A study on the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of southern Iran. Calodema 176: 1-5.
  • Ghahari H., and C. A. Collingwood. 2013. A study on the ants (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea: Formicidae) from Western Iran. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 48 (1): 155–164.
  • Santschi F. 1915. Nouvelles fourmis d'Algérie, Tunisie et Syrie. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord 6: 54-63
  • Santschi, F.. "Nouvelles fourmis d'Algérie, Tunisie et Syrie." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 6 (1915): 54-63.
  • Sharaf M., H. M. Al Dhafer, A. S. Aldawood, and F. Hita Garcia. 2018. Ants of the Monomorium monomorium species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Arabian Peninsula with description of a new species from southwestern Saudi Arabia. PeerJ 6:e4277; DOI 10.7717/peerj.4277
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004