Myopias maligna

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Myopias maligna
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Myopias
Species: M. maligna
Binomial name
Myopias maligna
(Smith, F., 1861)

Myopias maligna casent0902531 p 1 high.jpg

Myopias maligna casent0902531 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


They are known to prey upon millipedes. Colonies contain a single queen.


Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia, Malaysia, Sulawesi.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • maligna. Ponera maligna Smith, F. 1861b: 44 (w.q.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi).
    • Type-material: 1 syntype worker, 1 syntype queen.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Celebes (= Sulawesi), Manado, “60/76” (A.R. Wallace).
    • [Note: two specimens in OXUM (1 worker, 1 queen), marked as types by Donisthorpe, are not type-material. The locality on their data discs is “Tond.” (= Tondano); the type-locality specified by Smith is Manado.]
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Combination in Trapeziopelta: Mayr, 1862: 715;
    • combination in Myopias: Bolton, 1995b: 269.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1862: 715; Roger, 1863b: 19; Mayr, 1863: 457; Mayr, 1867a: 82 (redescription); Smith, F. 1871a: 322; Dalla Torre, 1893: 43; Emery, 1900c: 313 (in key); Emery, 1901g: 566; Emery, 1911d: 93; Forel, 1911e: 253; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 468; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 75; Bolton, 1995b: 269; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 56; Probst, Guénard & Boudinot, 2015: 205 (in key); Jaitrong, Wiwatwitaya & Yamane, 2020a: 618 (in key).
    • Distribution: Indonesia (Bacan, Sulawesi).
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus punctigera.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera maligna

One worker syntype and one dealate queen syntype in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Celebes. Manado. 60/76.” Acc. Reg.: “1860 no. 76 (Sept. 13). Celebes (Manado); purchased of Stevens, collected by A.R. Wallace.”

Two specimens in Oxford University Museum of Natural History (1 worker, 1 queen), marked as types by Donisthorpe, are not type-material. The locality on their data discs is “Tond.” (= Tondano, n.e. Sulawesi); the type-locality specified by Smith is Manado.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery C. 1900. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici quas in Nova-Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Publicatio secunda. Természetrajzi Füzetek 23: 310-338.
  • Emery C. 1901. Formiciden von Celebes. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 14:565-580.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Forel A. 1911. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303.
  • Hashimoto Y., Y. Morimoto, and M. Mohamed. 2003. Species List of Ground and Leaf Litter Ants Collected in Lower Kinabatangan. Pp 13-18. In Lower Kinabatangan Scientific Expedition 2002, 176 pp. ISBN-13: 983-2369-11-8
  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
  • Smith F. 1861. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Ceram, Celebes, Ternate, and Gilolo. [part]. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 6: 36-48.
  • Smith F. 1865. Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects from the islands of Sumatra, Sula, Gilolo, Salwatty, and New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 8: 61-94.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.