Odontomachus rufithorax

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Odontomachus rufithorax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. rufithorax
Binomial name
Odontomachus rufithorax
Emery, 1911

Odontomachus rufithorax hal.jpg

Odontomachus rufithorax had.jpg

Specimen Labels



A member of the Odontomachus saevissimus group.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -5.333° to -10.30000019°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality), Solomon Islands.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Odontomachus rufithorax casent0903997 h 1 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0903997 p 1 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0903997 p 2 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0903997 d 1 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0903997 d 2 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0903997 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Odontomachus imperator rufithoraxWorker. Specimen code casent0903997. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Odontomachus rufithorax casent0217545 p 1 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0217545 d 1 high.jpgOdontomachus rufithorax casent0217545 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0217545. Photographer Michele Esposito, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufithorax. Odontomachus imperator subsp. rufithorax Emery, 1911b: 534 (w.) NEW GUINEA (Indonesia).
    • Type-material: 4 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Irian Jaya, Tawarin, and Timena.
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Subspecies of imperator: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 43.
    • Status as species: Wilson, 1959a: 497; Brown, 1976a: 106, 164; Bolton, 1995b: 297; Sarnat, et al. 2013: 73.
    • Senior synonym of emeryi: Brown, 1976a: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 297.
    • Senior synonym of gressitti: Brown, 1976a: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 297.
    • Distribution: Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea, Solomon Is.
  • emeryi. Odontomachus imperator subsp. emeryi Mann, 1919: 303, fig. 12 (w.q.m.) SOLOMON IS (Florida I., Isabel I.).
    • Type-material: syntype workers, syntype queens, syntype males (numbers not stated, “several colonies”).
    • Type-locality: Solomon Is: Florida I., Maliali (W.M. Mann).
    • Type-depository: MCZC.
    • Subspecies of imperator: Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 16.
    • Status as species: Wilson, 1959a: 492.
    • Junior synonym of rufithorax: Brown, 1976a: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 295.
  • gressitti. Odontomachus gressitti Wilson, 1959a: 492, fig. 4, no. 8 (w.) NEW GUINEA (Papua New Guinea), SOLOMON IS (Guadalcanal I.).
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 1 paratype worker.
    • Type-locality: holotype Papua New Guinea: Nondugl, Ahl Valley, 1750 m. (J.L. Gressitt); paratype Solomon Is: Guadalcanal I., Gold Ridge-to-Suta (Jonapau), 1100 m. (J.L. Gressitt).
    • Type-depositories: BPBM (holotype); MCZC (paratype).
    • Junior synonym of rufithorax: Brown, 1976a: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 295.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171.
  • CSIRO Collection
  • Emery C. 1911. Formicidae. Résultats de l'expédition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle-Guinée en 1903 sous les auspices de Arthur Wichmann. Nova Guinea 5: 531-539.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Mann W. M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63:273-391.
  • Mann, W.M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology of Harvard College 63: 273-391
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.
  • Wheeler W.M. 1935. Check list of the ants of Oceania. Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum 11(11):1-56.
  • Wheeler, William Morton.1935.Checklist of the Ants of Oceania.Occasional Papers 11(11): 3-56
  • Wilson E. O. 1959. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 120: 483-510.
  • Wilson Edward O. 1959. Adaptive Shift and Dispersal in a Tropical Ant Fauna. Evolution 13(1): 122-144