Pheidole inca

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Pheidole inca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. inca
Binomial name
Pheidole inca
Wilson, 2003

Nothing is known about the biology of inca.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -14.612056° to -14.612056°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



This species is only known from the major.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • inca. Pheidole inca Wilson, 2003: 615, figs. (s.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


DIAGNOSIS Major: uniquely distinguished within the punctatissima group by the sculpturing of the dorsal surface of the head, which consists of longitudinal carinulae along the midline flanked on either side by rugoreticula, all reaching the occipital border, combined with the presence of a median ocellus, propodeal spine reduced to a right angle, and brown body color.

Minor: unknown.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.94, HL 0.96, SL 0.74, EL 0.18, PW 0.46.

COLOR Major: head, antennae, and gaster medium brown, mesosoma and waist light brown, legs dark yellow.

Pheidole inca Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Holotype, major. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

PERU: Machu Picchu, 2000-2200 m, col. William L. Brown. Museum of Comparative Zoology


Named after the Inca, in whose ancient city Machu Picchu the species was discovered.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bezdeckova K., P. Bedecka, and I. Machar. 2015. A checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Peru. Zootaxa 4020 (1): 101–133.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.