Pheidole obnixa

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Pheidole obnixa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. obnixa
Binomial name
Pheidole obnixa
Forel, 1912

Pheidole obnixa casent0908305 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole obnixa casent0908305 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of obnixa .


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Santa Fé, in Argentina. (Wilson 2003)

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -31.632389° to -31.632389°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





Images from AntWeb

Pheidole obnixa casent0908304 h 1 high.jpgPheidole obnixa casent0908304 p 1 high.jpgPheidole obnixa casent0908304 d 1 high.jpgPheidole obnixa casent0908304 l 1 high.jpg
Lectotype of Pheidole obnixaWorker. Specimen code casent0908304. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • obnixa. Pheidole arciruga r. obnixa Forel, 1912f: 236 (w.) ARGENTINA. Forel, 1913l: 231 (s.q.). Combination in P. (Elasmopheidole): Bruch, 1914: 219. Raised to species: Santschi, 1925e: 157. See also: Wilson, 2003: 138.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): Similar to Pheidole aberrans, Pheidole cavifrons and Pheidole longior, distinguished as follows.

Major: head comparatively short (Head Length/Head Width 1.2 mm, the same as aberrans, much shorter than cavifrons and longior); pronotal dorsum covered by widely spaced longitudinal carinulae, with those near the midline curving outward toward the rear; occiput covered by transverse carinulae; humerus, mesonotal convexity, and propodeal spines well developed; a low lobe present on profile of postpetiolar venter. Minor: pronotum covered by semicircular carinulae.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Paralectotype major (Rosario de Santa Fé, Argentina): HW 1.20, HL 1.34, SL 0.50, EL 0.14, PW 0.60. Lectotype minor (Buenos Aires): HW 0.52, HL 0.54, SL 0.40, EL 0.08, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: concolorous light brown.

Minor: mesosomal waist yellowish brown, head and gaster light brown.

Pheidole obnixa Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: paralectotype, major (Rosario de Santa Fé, Argentina; only tentatively associated with lectotype minor). Lower: lectotype, minor (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

Buenos Aires, Argentina. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)


L obnixa, steadfast, resolute, allusion unknown. (Wilson 2003)


  • Bruch, C. 1914. Catálogo sistemático de los formícidos argentinos. Rev. Mus. La Plata 19: 211-234 (page 219, Combination in P. (Elasmopheidole))
  • Forel, A. 1912g. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 19: 211-237 (page 236, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1913m. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M. M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 49: 203-250 (page 231, soldier, queen described)
  • Santschi, F. 1925e. Fourmis des provinces argentines de Santa Fe, Catamarca, Santa Cruz, Córdoba et Los Andes. Comun. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. "Bernardino Rivadavia" 2: 149-168 (page 157, raised to species)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 138, fig. major, minor described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bruch C. 1914. Catálogo sistemático de los formícidos argentinos. Revista del Museo de La Plata 19: 211-234.
  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
  • Forel A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M. M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles. 49: 203-250.
  • Gallardo A. 1932. El subgénero Elasmopheidole en la República Argentina (Himenopteros Formicidos). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 36: 178-182.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Vittar, F. 2008. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la Mesopotamia Argentina. INSUGEO Miscelania 17(2):447-466
  • Vittar, F., and F. Cuezzo. "Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina." Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina (versión On-line ISSN 1851-7471) 67, no. 1-2 (2008).