Strumigenys saliens

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Strumigenys saliens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. saliens
Binomial name
Strumigenys saliens
Mayr, 1887

Strumigenys saliens casent0900427 p 1 high.jpg

Strumigenys saliens casent0900427 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Nests in rotten logs and branches lying on the floor of forest (Brown 1962).

Identification

Bolton (2000) - A member of the mandibularis complex in the Strumigenys mandibularis-group. The propodeal declivity is deeper in saliens than is usual in most members of the mandibularis-complex, where the propodeum tends to be depressed and the declivity quite short. The depth of the declivity and its armament effectively separates saliens from the closely related Strumigenys prospiciens. Also, the latter species has long fine hairs that arise all over the surface of the first gastral tergite, whereas in saliens such hairs are restricted to the base of the sclerite.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 5.266667° to -27.741°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Panama, Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • saliens. Strumigenys saliens Mayr, 1887: 574 (w.q.) BRAZIL. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1955a: 140 (l.). Senior synonym of angusticeps, procera: Brown, 1954l: 55. See also: Bolton, 2000: 538.
  • procera. Strumigenys saliens var. procera Emery, 1894c: 215, pl. 1, fig. 9 (q.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of saliens: Brown, 1954l: 55.
  • angusticeps. Strumigenys saliens var. angusticeps Forel, 1912e: 198 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of saliens: Brown, 1954l: 55.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (2000) - TL 3.5-3.9, HL 0.88-1.00, HW 0.64-0.71, CI 69-77, ML 0.54-0.60, MI 59-64, SL 0.62-0.70, SI 90-106, PW 0.40-0.45, AL 0.85-1.00 (12 measured).

Characters of mandibularis-complex. Proximal preapical tooth slender, located just distal of the midlength on the inner mandibular margin. Length of proximal preapical tooth is usually less than the distance separating it from the distal tooth; rarely otherwise. Outer margins of mandibles more or less straight, only very feebly convex at full closure. Propodeum in profile with a distinct triangular tooth at top of declivity and another at the base, the two widely separated and linked only by a narrow concave carina. Disc of postpetiole reticulate-punctate, distinctly broader than long. First gastral tergite with fine standing hairs present on basal quarter or less. Basigastral costulae extremely short sparse and poorly defined, vestigial in some samples.

Queen

Brown (1954) - TL 4.2-4.5, HL 0.88-0.93, ML 0.50-0.53, WL 0.99-1.02 mm.; CI 73-82, MI 57-61; forewing L 3 mm. or slightly more. Eyes very large and convex. Mesonotum evenly and densely punctulate, with a feeble median sulcus and a few long, posteriorly-inclined hairs. Nearly all of mesopleura smooth and shining. Petiolar node broader than long and flattened obliquely from in front and above, as in the Strumigenys smithii worker, but a little less extreme. Color much as in worker. Forewing venation: Rs+M and M distal to this lacking, as are also cu-a and m-cu. Rs weak; rest of venation fairly well preserved. Posterior wing with four hamuli.

Type Material

Bolton (2000) - Syntype workers and queens, BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (Hetschko) (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, The Natural History Museum, National Museum of Natural History) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Brown W. L. Jr. 1954. The neotropical species of the ant genus Strumigenys Fr. Smith: group of saliens Mayr. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 62: 55-62.
  • Brown W. L. Jr. 1962. The neotropical species of the ant genus Strumigenys Fr. Smith: synopsis and keys to the species. Psyche (Cambridge) 69: 238-267.
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