Camponotus rufipes

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Camponotus rufipes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. rufipes
Binomial name
Camponotus rufipes
(Fabricius, 1775)

Camponotus rufipes casent0173444 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus rufipes casent0173444 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

De Oliveira et al. (2015), studying ant occupancy of Cecropia trees in southwest Bahia, Brazil, found two colonies of Camponotus rufipes opportunistically nesting in Cecropia pachystachya trees.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Camponotus rufipes for further details

Biology

Chemical Ecology

LeBrun et al. (2015) found a behaviour, first noted and resulting from interactions between Solenopsis invicta and Nylanderia fulva, that detoxifies fire ant venom is expressed widely across ants in the subfamily Formicinae. This behavior was also studied and shown in experiments with C. rufipes. See the biology section of the N. fulva page for a description of acidopore grooming and the use of formic acid for detoxification of a specific class of venoms that are produced by ants that may interact with formicines in the context of predation and food competition.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rufipes. Formica rufipes Fabricius, 1775: 391 (s.) BRAZIL. Smith, F. 1858b: 44 (w.); Mayr, 1862: 663 (q.m.); Goni et al. 1983: 366 (k.); Mariano et al. 2001: 268 (k.). Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 663; in C. (Myrmothrix): Forel, 1912i: 91. Senior synonym of herrichi: Roger, 1861b: 164; of merdicola: Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Forel, 1895b: 104; of alpina, cajurensis, magnifica, subrufescens: Hashmi, 1973: 52.
  • merdicola. Formica merdicola Lund, 1831a: 129 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of rufipes: Dalla Torre, 1893: 250; Forel, 1895b: 104.
  • herrichi. Formica herrichi Mayr, 1853b: 113 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of rufipes: Roger, 1861b: 164.
  • alpina. Camponotus rufipes var. alpina Emery, 1906c: 187 (w.) ARGENTINA. Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Bruch, 1914: 230. Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52.
  • magnifica. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) rufipes var. magnifica Forel, 1913l: 249 (s.w.) ARGENTINA. Santschi, 1916e: 397 (q.). Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52.
  • cajurensis. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) rufipes forma cajurensis Luederwaldt, 1918: 53 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52.
  • subrufescens. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) rufipes var. subrufescens Santschi, 1929d: 314 (w.m.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of rufipes: Hashmi, 1973: 52.

Description

References

  • Aguiar HJACd, Barros LAC, Alves DR, Mariano CdSF, Delabie JHC, Pompolo SdG (2017) Cytogenetic studies on populations of Camponotus rufipes (Fabricius, 1775) and Camponotus renggeri Emery, 1894 (Formicidae: Formicinae). PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177702 (DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0177702).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 250, Senior synonym of merdicola)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1775. Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae [= Flensburg and Leipzig]: Korte, 832 pp. (page 391, soldier described)
  • Forel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Bol. Mus. Para. Hist. Nat. Ethnogr. 1: 89-139 (page 104, Senior synonym of merdicola)
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 91, Combination in C. (Myrmothrix))
  • Goñi, B.; Zolessi, L. C. de; Imai, H. T. 1984 [1983]. Karyotypes of thirteen ant species from Uruguay (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Caryologia 36: 363-371 (page 366, karyotype described)
  • Hashmi, A. A. 1973b. A revision of the Neotropical ant subgenus Myrmothrix of genus Camponotus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 16: 1-140 (page 52, Senior synonym of alpina, cajurensis, magnifica, subrufescens)
  • LeBrun, E. G., P. J. Diebold, M. R. Orr, and L. E. Gilbert. 2015. Widespread Chemical Detoxification of Alkaloid Venom by Formicine Ants. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 41:884-895. doi:10.1007/s10886-015-0625-3
  • Mariano, C. S. F., Pompolo, S.G., Delabie, J.H.C.; Campos, L.A.O. 2001. Estudos cariotípicos de algumas espécies neotropicais de Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 45: 267-274 (page 268, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 663, queen, male described, Combination in Camponotus)
  • de Oliveira, G. V., M. M. Correa, I. M. A. Goes, A. F. P. Machado, R. J. de Sa-Neto, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. Interactions between Cecropia (Urticaceae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) along a longitudinal east-west transect in the Brazilian Northeast. Annales De La Societe Entomologique De France. 51:153-160. doi:10.1080/00379271.2015.1061231
  • Roger, J. 1861b. Myrmicologische Nachlese. Berl. Entomol. Z. 5: 163-174 (page 164, Senior synonym of herrichi)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 44, worker described)