Hagensia havilandi

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Hagensia havilandi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Hagensia
Species: H. havilandi
Binomial name
Hagensia havilandi
(Forel, 1901)

Pachycondyla havilandi sam-hym-c005378a profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla havilandi sam-hym-c005378a dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Arnold (1951) - The habits of the two species are also very different. Whereas Hagensia peringueyi can be seen on the slopes of Nordhoek wandering about on the ground in the brightest sunlight, havilandi is a crepuscular and nocturnal species. At Umhlanga Rocks, on the Natal coast, during a period of over three weeks, they were never seen moving about during the day time, even in the shade of the dense beach bush, but came out of their nests only some time after sunset. Many nests were found on the sloping banks of the road on the seaward side of the beach bush. The entrance is a small hole, about 5 mm. wide, and recognizable in some cases by the talus of excavated soil at the foot of the slope. There were at least two dozen workers in each nest, in which I was unable to find any remains of their prey.

At a Glance • Gamergate  
 

Identification

Arnold (1951) - This species can be distinguished from Hagensia peringueyi not only by its larger size, but also by the matt surface of the whole body. The sculpture of the head is reticulate-punctate, resolvable under a magnification of 30 diameters, whereas in peringueyi the necessary magnification is from 45 to 50 diameters, and the interspaces are as wide as the punctures. The head is very nearly one-quarter longer than wide, but in peringueyi only one-sixth longer. The mandibles are closely striolate on the basal half and the fovea is oblique, as in perinqueyi, but shallower. The slope of the anterior part of the pronotal dorsum is steeper than in peringueyi and the lateral carinae are more convex. The mesonotum is as long as wide, or not so wide as in peringueyi, in which it is about one-third wider than long.

Male. 12 mm. long. Differ from the males of peringueyi, var. godfreyi in having a duller abdomen, denser decumbent whitish pubescence, a shorter petiole without the small recurved teeth on each side of the base, and the slightly longer scape, which is equal to more than half the length of the third joint of the flagellum.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Hagensia havilandi for further details

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • havilandi. Megaloponera (Hagensia) havilandi Forel, 1901f: 333 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Arnold, 1915: 68 (m.). Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Arnold, 1915: 67; in Hagensia: Arnold, 1926: 203; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 305. Senior synonym of sulcigera: Arnold, 1915: 67. Current subspecies: nominal plus fochi, godfreyi, marleyi.
  • sulcigera. Euponera (Mesoponera) sulcigera Mayr, 1904a: 593 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of havilandi: Arnold, 1915: 67.

Description

References

  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Villet, M. 1992. The social biology of Hagensia havilandi (Forel 1901) (Hymenoptera Formicidae), and the origin of queenlessness in ponerine ants. Trop. Zool., 5, 195-206.