Ophthalmopone hottentota

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Ophthalmopone hottentota
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Ophthalmopone
Species: O. hottentota
Binomial name
Ophthalmopone hottentota
(Emery, 1886)

Pachycondyla hottentota sam-hym-c005957a profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla hottentota sam-hym-c005957a dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

At a Glance • Gamergate  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Termite specialists, individual foraging


The queen caste is absent, and instead gamergates (mated, egg-laying workers) reproduce (Peeters & Crewe 1985).


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • hottentota. Pachycondyla hottentota Emery, 1886: 360 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Arnold, 1915: 52 (m.). Combination in Ophthalmopone: Emery, 1902c: 30; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306; in Ophthalmopone: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 124. Senior synonym of lanceolata: Emery, 1902c: 30.
  • lanceolata. Ophthalmopone lanceolata Mayr, 1895: 125 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of hottentota: Emery, 1902c: 30.



  • Arnold, G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 1-159 (page 52, male described)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 306, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1886b. Alcune formiche africane. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 18: 355-366 (page 360, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1902c. Note mirmecologiche. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (n.s.) 6: 22-34 (page 30, Combination in Ophthalmopone, Senior synonym of lanceolata)
  • Peeters, C. & Crewe, R. 1985. Queenlessness and reproductive differentiation in Ophthalmopone hottentota. South African J. Zoology 20: 268 PDF
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)