Pheidole sospes

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Pheidole sospes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. sospes
Binomial name
Pheidole sospes
Forel, 1908

Pheidole sospes casent0908249 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole sospes casent0908249 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

At Cuzco Amazónico, Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin collected four colonies, all in terra firme forest, nesting in small rotten sticks on the forest floor. (Wilson 2003) Similarly, Fernandes et al. (2018) found it commonly nesting in twigs within leaf litter.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

São Paulo, Brazil; Misiones (El Dorado) in extreme northeastern Argentina; and Cuzco Amazónico, near Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • sospes. Pheidole anastasii var. sospes Forel, 1908c: 381 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Subspecies of anastasii: Santschi, 1929d: 291. Raised to species and senior synonym of minutissima: Wilson, 2003: 509.
  • minutissima. Pheidole minutissima Kusnezov, 1952b: 78 (s.w.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of sospes: Wilson, 2003: 509.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A medium-sized, yellow member of the flavens group; the major has shallow but well-developed antennal scrobes; rugoreticulation across all of the occiput; a small mesonotal convexity, and angulate lateral postpetiolar margins, as well as posteriorly directed propodeal spine and rugoreticulate humerus. Resembles ademonia and peltastes, but easily distinguished by many features of sculpturing, development of the scrobe, and presence in the major of the mesonotal convexity, as illustrated.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.84, HL 0.92, SL 0.44, EL 0.12, PW 0.44. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.42, EL 0.08, PW 0.30.

COLOR Major: appendages and gaster clear yellow, rest of body a slightly contrasting reddish yellow (“orange”).

Minor: concolorous clear yellow.


Pheidole sospes Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: São Paulo. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

L sospes, saving, delivering, significance unknown. (Wilson 2003)

References