| Polyrhachis cupreata|
I have seen only one nest of P. cupreata, situated at the base of clumped Pandanus leaves and constructed of vegetation debris bonded with brownish silk (Kohout 1988).
Kohout (1988) - In P. cupreata the whole dorsum of the body is covered with a pale golden pubescence. In contrast, the pubescence in Polyrhachis daemeli is always silvery and is virtually absent from its pronotal dorsum, while in Polyrhachis hermione it is of a rich golden hue and covers most of the body, except the gaster. The mesonotum of hermione is strongly transverse, while it is only slightly wider than long in the other two species.
Confined to the coastal wetlands of North Queensland, with records from the Torres Strait islands south to Townsville, and the Northern Territory, where it has been taken on Cobourg Peninsula and near Darwin (Kohout 1988).
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- cupreata. Polyrhachis hermione var. cupreata Emery, 1895g: 357 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in P. (Hedomyrma): Emery, 1925b: 190. Raised to species and senior synonym of exlex: Kohout, 1988c: 433.
- exlex. Polyrhachis (Hedomyrma) daemeli var. exlex Forel, 1915b: 110 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of cupreata: Kohout, 1988c: 433.
- Polyrhachis (Hedomyrma) daemeli exlex Forel, 1915: Holotype, worker (uncertain), Yarrabah, Queensland, Australia, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet.
- Polyrhachis hermione cupreata Emery, 1895: Holotype, worker, Cairns (as Cairus), Queensland, Australia, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa.
- Emery, C. 1895h. Descriptions de quelques fourmis nouvelles d'Australie. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 39: 345-358 (page 357, worker described)
- Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 190, Combination in P. (Hedomyrma))
- Kohout, R. J. 1988c. Nomenclatural changes and new Australian records in the ant genus Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 25: 429-438 (page 433, Raised to species, and senior synonym of exlex)