Polyrhachis cupreata

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Polyrhachis cupreata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Hedomyrma
Species: P. cupreata
Binomial name
Polyrhachis cupreata
Emery, 1895

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Specimen labels

Synonyms

I have seen only one nest of P. cupreata, situated at the base of clumped Pandanus leaves and constructed of vegetation debris bonded with brownish silk (Kohout 1988).

Identification

Kohout (1988) - In P. cupreata the whole dorsum of the body is covered with a pale golden pubescence. In contrast, the pubescence in Polyrhachis daemeli is always silvery and is virtually absent from its pronotal dorsum, while in Polyrhachis hermione it is of a rich golden hue and covers most of the body, except the gaster. The mesonotum of hermione is strongly transverse, while it is only slightly wider than long in the other two species.

Distribution

Confined to the coastal wetlands of North Queensland, with records from the Torres Strait islands south to Townsville, and the Northern Territory, where it has been taken on Cobourg Peninsula and near Darwin (Kohout 1988).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

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Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cupreata. Polyrhachis hermione var. cupreata Emery, 1895g: 357 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in P. (Hedomyrma): Emery, 1925b: 190. Raised to species and senior synonym of exlex: Kohout, 1988c: 433.
  • exlex. Polyrhachis (Hedomyrma) daemeli var. exlex Forel, 1915b: 110 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of cupreata: Kohout, 1988c: 433.

Type Material

Description

References

  • Emery, C. 1895h. Descriptions de quelques fourmis nouvelles d'Australie. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 39: 345-358 (page 357, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 190, Combination in P. (Hedomyrma))
  • Kohout, R. J. 1988c. Nomenclatural changes and new Australian records in the ant genus Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 25: 429-438 (page 433, Raised to species, and senior synonym of exlex)