Cataglyphis hispanica

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Cataglyphis hispanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. hispanica
Binomial name
Cataglyphis hispanica
(Emery, 1906)

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0903288 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0903288 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Gonçalves et al (2017) found Cataglyphis hispanica to be one of the most common ants in the Iberian vineyards they sampled (pitfall trapping).

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  • Parthenogenetic  



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 41.554444° to 37°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Iberian Peninsula, Portugal, Spain (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Flight Period

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Association with Other Organisms

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This species is a host for the fungus Myrmicinosporidium durum (a pathogen) in Portugal (Gonçalves et al., 2012.).

Life History Traits

  • Queen type: brachypterous


Queens are brachypterous (i.e. short-winged), implying a significant reduction in female dispersal (Peeters & Aron 2017).

Thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica, showing modified thoracic sclerites. Photo by Adam Khalife
Side view of thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica. Photo by Adam Khalife
Dissection of thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica, showing absence of wing muscles and phragma. Photo by Adam Khalife

Images from AntWeb

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0911119 h 1 high.jpgCataglyphis hispanica casent0911119 d 1 high.jpgCataglyphis hispanica casent0911119 p 1 high.jpgCataglyphis hispanica casent0911119 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Myrmecocystus viaticus hispanicaWorker. Specimen code casent0911119. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.
Cataglyphis hispanica casent0912203 d 1 high.jpgCataglyphis hispanica casent0912203 h 1 high.jpgCataglyphis hispanica casent0912203 p 1 high.jpgCataglyphis hispanica casent0912203 l 1 high.jpg
Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Cataglyphis viatica hispanica nigroidesWorker. Specimen code casent0912203. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • hispanica. Myrmecocystus viaticus subsp. hispanicus Emery, 1906d: 57.
    • [First available use of Myrmecocystus viaticus r. niger var. hispanica Forel, 1903c: 267 (w.) SPAIN; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name (Agosti, 1990b: 1483).]
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Spain: Béjar (E. Saunders).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Tinaut, 1991: 218 (q.m.).
    • Combination in Cataglyphis: Santschi, 1919e: 246;
    • combination in C. (Monocombus): Santschi, 1929b: 29.
    • Subspecies of viatica: Emery, 1908g: 216; Stitz, 1917: 348; Santschi, 1919e: 246; Menozzi, 1922b: 332; Emery, 1925b: 266; Santschi, 1925g: 356; Ceballos, 1956: 318.
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1929b: 29; Santschi, 1931a: 13; Santschi, 1932c: 73; Santschi, 1932g: 5; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 86; Collingwood, 1978: 92 (in key); Agosti, 1990b: 1483; Tinaut, 1991: 217 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 135; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 28 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 56; Lebas, et al. 2016: 162; Arcos, Chavez, et al. 2022: 10.
    • Senior synonym of nigroides: Tinaut, 1991: 220 (in text) ; Bolton, 1995b: 135.
    • Distribution: Portugal, Spain.
  • nigroides. Cataglyphis (Monocombus) hispanica var. nigroides Santschi, 1929b: 59 (in key).
    • [First available use of Cataglyphis viaticus st. hispanicus var. nigroides Santschi, 1925g: 356 (w.) PORTUGAL; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name (Agosti, 1990b: 1483).]
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Portugal: S Fiel (Martins).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Subspecies of hispanica: Santschi, 1932g: 5; Agosti, 1990b: 1483.
    • Junior synonym of hispanica: Tinaut: 1991: 220 (in text) ; Bolton, 1995b: 136.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Agosti, D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymentopera: Formicidae) . Journal of Natural History 24:1457-1505.
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