Colobopsis truncata

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Colobopsis truncata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Colobopsis
Species: C. truncata
Binomial name
Colobopsis truncata
(Spinola, 1808)

Camponotus truncatus casent0179881 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus truncatus casent0179881 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Colobopsis truncata is a common mediterranean zoogeographical element distributed mostly in southern and central Europe and in the southern part of eastern Europe, as well as occurring east as far as Kopet Dag, Iran (Radchenko 1997c, Suchocka et al. 2008) and south as far as Maghreb, Algeria (Rigato & Toni, 2011). It is a thermophilous species living exclusively arboreally in open habitats, orchards and light forests (Marko et al., 2009).

Photo Gallery

  • Colobopsis truncata minor worker. Photo by Michal Kukla.
  • Colobopsis truncata major worker. Photo by Michal Kukla.
  • Colobopsis truncata workers (major and minor) and larvae. Photo by Michal Kukla.

Identification

Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - This is a small dimorphic species with a phragmotic “soldier”. The major worker has a cylindrical, abruptly truncate head. The minor worker has a rounded head and can be recognized by the straight frontal carina, antennal insertion close to the middle of the frontal carina, propodeum dorsum distinctly concave in lateral view, and by the petiole scale with acute summit in lateral view and indented dorsum in front view.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - Mostly southern and central Europe, also northwest Africa, Crimea, Caucasus, eastern Mediterranean, and the Middle East (Radchenko, 1997b).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Israel, Italy (type locality), Jordan, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Life History Traits

  • Mean colony size: 50 (Beckers et al., 1989)
  • Foraging behaviour: solitary forager (Beckers et al., 1989)

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • truncata. Formica truncata Spinola, 1808: 244 (q.) ITALY. Dufour & Perris, 1840: 49 (w.); Forel, 1874: 45 (s.w.); Mayr, 1861: 38 (w.q.); Emery, 1916b: 235 (m., in key). Combination in Colobopsis: Mayr, 1861: 38; in Camponotus (Colobopsis): Forel, 1893b: 435. Combination in Colobopsis: Ward, et al., 2016: 350. Senior synonym of fuscipes: Emery & Forel, 1879: 449; Forel, 1915d: 73. See also: Kutter, 1977c: 207.
  • fuscipes. Formica fuscipes Mayr, 1853c: 280 (w.) AUSTRIA. Combination in Colobopsis: Mayr, 1861: 38. Junior synonym of truncatus: Emery & Forel, 1879: 449.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - TL = 3.5–4.4, HL = 0.92–1.21, HW = 0.78–1.05, EL = 0.29–0.31, SL = 0.72–0.66, ML = 1.23–1.23, PW = 0.59–0.78, mTbL = 0.66–0.62, hTbL = 0.82–0.78 (n = 10).

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