Messor wasmanni

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Messor wasmanni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. wasmanni
Binomial name
Messor wasmanni
Krausse, 1910

Messor wasmanni casent0106293 p 1 high.jpg

Messor wasmanni casent0106293 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

A grain harvesting species (Collingwood and Agosti 1996). This taxon belongs to a group of species widespread in the Middle East and Central Asia, where several to many still unreviewed forms occur. Its westernmost known range reaches Sardinia and Corsica. It is common in central and southern Italy, and in the Balkans (Rigato & Toni, 2011).

Identification

Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - HW 2.5-2.9; EL/HW 0.16-0.19. This species differs from Messor semirufus and related species by the shape of the pronotum which is mildly flattened dorsally and expanded laterally into a protuberant boss at each side. This is a constant and characteristic feature and most easily seen in slanted profile.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Iran, Israel, Italy (type locality), Lebanon, Malta, Montenegro, Oman, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • wasmanni. Messor barbarus subsp. wasmanni Krausse, 1910: 524 (in text) (w.) ITALY (Sardinia).
    • [Also described as new by Krausse, 1911: 15.]
    • Finzi, 1929: 83 (q.); Finzi, 1933: 163 (m.).
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Krausse, 1912b: 164; Emery, 1915a: 249; Emery, 1916b: 142; Santschi, 1917e: 90; Emery, 1921f: 71; Menozzi, 1921: 26; Emery, 1922c: 94.
    • Subspecies of barbarus: Emery, 1912f: 97.
    • Subspecies of semirufus: Santschi, 1927c: 230; Finzi, 1928c: 788; Finzi, 1929: 82; Finzi, 1930d: 312; Finzi, 1933: 163; Zimmermann, 1935: 17.
    • Subspecies of meridionalis: Bondroit, 1920b: 305; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 30 (footnote); Baroni Urbani, 1969a: 331; Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 434; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 59.
    • Junior synonym of semirufus: Bernard, 1967: 147; Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227.
    • Junior synonym of meridionalis: Collingwood, 1978: 68; Poldi, et al. 1995: 3.
    • Status as species: Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 156 (in key); Collingwood, 1993b: 194; Bolton, 1995b: 258; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 322; Bračko, 2006: 137; Petrov, 2006: 92 (in key); Bračko, 2007: 17; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 489; Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 40; Legakis, 2011: 11; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 516; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 21; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 385 (in text); Borowiec, L. 2014: 114; Bračko, et al. 2014: 14; Lebas, et al. 2016: 300; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2018: 6; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 46; Salata & Borowiec, 2019a: 66.

A very common grain-harvesting ant found on all of the Greek islands, on the southern Balkan mainland, in South Italy and the Mediterranean islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily but not in Malta or the Balearics. It has also been taken locally in Tunisia but its occurrence so far south as Oman is a surprise. However, Tohme (1968) and Tohme & Tohme (1981) recorded it as the synonym Messor concolor from Lebanon and Syria respectively. (Collingwood and Agosti 1996)

Description

Type Material

Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - Specimens labelled M. concolor cotype in both the Oxford Hope Museum and the NHMB are confirmed as M. wasmanni, M concolor being a junior synonym.

References

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  • Finzi, B. 1930d. Zoologische Forschungsreise nach den Jonischen Inseln und dem Peloponnes. XII. Teil. Die Ameisen der Jonischen Inseln. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I 139: 309-319 (page 312, Variety/subspecies of semirufus)
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