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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Oecophthora
Heer, 1852
Type species
Oecophthora pusilla (junior synonym of Pheidole megacephala)

Pheidole megacephala iccdrs0003685 profile 1.jpg

Pheidole megacephala iccdrs0003685 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Pheidole.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • OECOPHTHORA [junior synonym of Pheidole]
    • Oecophthora Heer, 1852: 15. Type-species: Oecophthora pusilla (junior synonym of Formica megacephala), by monotypy.
    • Oecophthora junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, F. 1858a: 282; Smith, F. 1858b: 172.


  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 233, Oecophthora as junior synonym of Pheidole)
  • Heer, O. 1852. Ueber die Haus-Ameise Madeiras. Zür. Jugend Naturforsch. Ges. 54: 1-24 (page 15, Oecophthora as genus)
  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 453, Oecophthora in Myrmicinae [Myrmicidae])
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 30, Oecophthora as junior synonym of Pheidole)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 172, Oecophthora as junior synonym of Pheidole)
  • Smith, F. 1858b. Revision of an essay on the British Formicidae published in the Transactions of the Society. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (2) 4: 274-284 (page 282, Oecophthora as junior synonym of Pheidole)