Pheidole lignicola

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Pheidole lignicola
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. lignicola
Binomial name
Pheidole lignicola
Mayr, 1887

Pheidole lignicola casent0178033 profile 1.jpg

Pheidole lignicola casent0178033 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels


This species is only known from type specimens. Nothing is known about its biology.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -22.809943° to -27.22555556°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





MCZ-ENT00020752 Pheidole lignicola-f.jpgMCZ-ENT00020752 Pheidole lignicola-l.jpgMCZ-ENT00020752 Pheidole lignicola-d.jpgMCZ-ENT00020752 Pheidole lignicola-var.jpgPheidole lignicola casent0178034 head 1.jpgPheidole lignicola casent0178034 profile 1.jpgPheidole lignicola casent0178034 dorsal 1.jpgPheidole lignicola casent0178034 label 1.jpg


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • lignicola. Pheidole lignicola Mayr, 1887: 586 (s.), 602 (w.) BRAZIL. Senior synonym of levocciput: Wilson, 2003: 444.
  • levocciput. Pheidole lignicola var. levocciput Forel, 1908c: 370 (s.w.m.) PARAGUAY. Junior synonym of lignicola: Wilson, 2003: 444.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS Similar in various traits to Pheidole ceibana, Pheidole dentigula, Pheidole harrisonfordi, Pheidole metallescens, distinguished as follows.

Major: yellowish brown; occiput and space between eye and antennal fossa on each side rugoreticulate; most of rest of dorsal surface of head carinulate; antennal scape relatively long, its tip touching the sides of the head just posterior to the midpoint between the eye and level of the occipital lobe; mesonotal convexity well defined both anteriorly and posteriorly; humerus, in dorsal-oblique view low and smoothly rounded; propodeal spine moderately long and thin; postpetiole from above narrow and oval; almost all of body except gaster foveolate.

Minor: posterior half of venter of head in profile weakly concave; humerus in dorsal-oblique view subangulate; propodeal spine vertical to propodeal basal face; occiput slightly narrowed, its margin weakly concave, and nuchal collar absent. Almost all of head and mesosoma foveolate and opaque.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.88, HL 0.90, SL 0.56, EL 0.10, PW 0.44. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.42, HL 0.52, SL 0.50, EL 0.06, PW 0.30.

COLOR Major: medium yellowish brown.

Minor: light yellowish brown.

Pheidole lignicola Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: major, compared with lectotype. Lower: minor, compared with paralectotype. BRAZIL: Caraguatatuba, São Paulo, col. W. L. Brown. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Santa Catarina, Brazil. Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna - as reported in Wilson (2003)


L lignicola, dwelling in wood. (Wilson 2003)


  • Mayr, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 37: 511-632 (page 586, 602, soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 444, fig. major, minor described, Senior synonym of levocciput)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Lutinski J. A., B. C. Lopes, and A. B. Morais. 2013. Diversidade de formigas urbanas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de dez cidades do sul do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 13(3): 332-342.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Wild, A. L. "A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 1622 (2007): 1-55.
  • Zolessi L. C. de, Y. P. Abenante, and M. E. de Philippi. 1988. Lista sistematica de las especies de Formicidos del Uruguay. Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montev. 11: 1-9.
  • Zolessi L. C. de; Y. P. de Abenante, and M. E. Philippi. 1989. Catálogo sistemático de las especies de Formícidos del Uruguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Montevideo: ORCYT Unesco, 40 + ix pp.
  • de Zolessi, L.C., Y.P. de Abenante and M.E. Philippi. 1987. Lista sistemática de las especies de formícidos del Uruguay. Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo 11(165):1-9
  • de Zolessi, L.C., Y.P. de Abenante and M.E. Phillipi. 1989. Catalago Systematico de las Especies de Formicidos del Uruguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Oficina Regional de Ciencia y Technologia de la Unesco para America Latina y el Caribe- ORCYT. Montevideo, Uruguay