Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
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Temporal range: Fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Protopone
Dlussky, 1988
Type species
Protopone primigena
7 fossil species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PROTOPONE [incertae sedis in Ponerinae]
    • Protopone Dlussky, 1988: 52. Type-species: †Protopone primigena, by original designation.


  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 164, Protopone in Ponerinae, Ponerini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 369, Protopone in Ponerinae, Ponerini; incertae sedis in Ponerinae)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 172, Protopone incertae sedis in Ponerinae)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1988a. Ants of Sakhalin amber (Paleocene?) Paleontol. Zh. 1988(1 1: 50-61 (page 52, Protopone in Ponerinae)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Protopone in Ponerinae, Ponerini)