Strumigenys baudueri

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Strumigenys baudueri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. baudueri
Binomial name
Strumigenys baudueri
(Emery, 1875)

Strumigenys baudueri casent0280694 p 1 high.jpg

Strumigenys baudueri casent0280694 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Bolton (2000) - The commonest and most widely distributed species of the sparse West Palaearctic dacetine fauna. Even relatively early (Andre, 1883; Emery, 1916) it had been recorded from the Mediterranean territories of France, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Tunisia and Turkey. Many more records are now known from some of these territories (Baroni Urbani, 1971; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990) and the known range of baudueri now also includes Croatia and Hungary (Brown, 1953a), Spain (Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969), the Balkans (Agosti & Collingwood, 1987), Armenia (Arakelian & Dlussky, 1991) and Switzerland (Borcard, Borcard, et al., 1997 [which was misidentified as Strumigenys argiola; see Baroni Urbani, 1998]).


Bolton (2000) - A member of the Strumigenys baudueri-group. S. baudueri is very closely related to two other species with a Mediterranean distribution, Strumigenys tenuipilis and Strumigenys tenuissima. The three are remarkably similar but each has a different clothing of clypeal pilosity. Brown (1953a) wondered if the three were discrete species or merely expressions of a single variable species. Material examined during this survey implies that the clypeal differences are consistent and that species rank may properly be applied to them all.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Armenia, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, France (type locality), Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Spain, Tunisia.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • baudueri. Epitritus baudueri Emery, 1875a: 76 (w.) FRANCE. [Also described as new by Emery, 1875b: 474.] André, 1883b: 403 (q.); Medina, 1892: 70 (m.); Emery, 1916b: 204 (w.m.). Combination in Strumigenys: Emery, 1887b: 468 (footnote); in S. (Trichoscapa): Santschi, 1913b: 258 (in key); in S. (Cephaloxys): Emery, 1916b: 204; in Smithistruma: Brown, 1948e: 105; in Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani, 1998: 163; in Pyramica: Bolton, 1999: 1673; in Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 2007: 116. Senior synonym of normandi: Emery, 1924d: 323. See also: Menozzi, 1928a: 128; Brown, 1953g: 131; Bolton, 2000: 294.
  • normandi. Strumigenys normandi Santschi, 1910d: 71, fig. (w.) TUNISIA. Subspecies of baudueri: Santschi, 1913b: 258 (in key). Junior synonym of baudueri: Emery, 1924d: 323.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Bolton (2000) - TL 1.9-2.3, HL 0.55-0.62, HW 0.40-0.43, CI 66-72, ML 0.09-0.11, MI 15-18, SL 0.30-0.32, SI 71-76, PW 0.24-0.26, AL 0.58-0.64 (10 measured).

Pilosity of clypeal dorsum in full-face view entirely of short wide hairs that are broadly spatulate to spoon-shaped and very distinctive. In profile these hairs are all subreclinate to reclinate, directed anteriorly, and more or less parallel with the surface of the dorsum, none is obviously elevated. Mediodorsally curved ground-pilosity between posterior margin of clypeus and highest point of vertex conspicuously spatulate, as are the principal curved hairs that project from the leading edge of the scape. In some samples funicular segments 2 and 3 may be fused, and 3 may also be partially or mostly fused to 4.

Type Material

Bolton (2000) - Syntype workers, FRANCE: Sos (Bauduer) (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa, Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle) [MNHN syntype examined].


  • Agosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987a. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 60: 51-62 (page 53, see also)
  • André, E. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 403, queen described)
  • Arakelian, G. R.; Dlussky, G. M. 1991. Dacetine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the USSR. Zool. Zh. 70(2 2: 149-152 (page 151, see also)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 153, catalogue)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1998a. Strumigenys baudueri (Emery): espèce nouvelle pour la Suisse (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 71: 163-164 (page 163, see also)
  • Baroni Urbani, C.; De Andrade, M. L. 1994. First description of fossil Dacetini ants with a critical analysis of the current classification of the tribe (Amber Collection Stuttgart: Hymenoptera, Formicidae. VI: Dacetini). Stuttg. Beitr. Naturkd. Ser. B ( (page 18, revived combination)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. & De Andrade, M.L. 2007. The ant tribe Dacetini: limits and constituent genera, with descriptions of new species. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “G. Doria”. 99:1-191.
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  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953g. Revisionary studies in the ant tribe Dacetini. Am. Midl. Nat. 50: 1-137 (page 131, redescription of worker)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973a. A new species of Miccostruma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from West Africa, with notes on the genus. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 46: 32-35 (page 35, see also)
  • Casevitz-Weulersse, J. 1990a. Étude des peuplements de fourmis de la Corse (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Écol. Biol. Sol 27: 29-59 (page 32, see also)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 66, see also)
  • Collingwood, C. A.; Yarrow, I. H. H. 1969. A survey of Iberian Formicidae (Hymenoptera). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 44: 53-101 (page 75, see also)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 145, catalogue)
  • Emery, C. 1875a [1876]. Ueber hypogaeische Ameisen. Stett. Entomol. Ztg. 37: 71-76 (page 76, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1875b. Le formiche ipogee con descrizioni di specie nuove o poco note. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 7: 465-474 (page 474, redescribed as new)
  • Emery, C. 1878c. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte seconda. Formiche dell'Europa e delle regioni limitrofe in Africa e in Asia. [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 12: 49-59 (page 50, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1887h. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25[=(2)(5): 465-473 (page 468, footnote)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 204, redescription of worker, queen, male, combination in Strumigenys (Cephaloxys))
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 323, catalogue)
  • Espadaler, X. 1979. Citas nuevas o interesantes de hormigas (Hym. Formicidae) para España. Bol. Asoc. Esp. Entomol. 3: 95-101 (page 95, see also)
  • Forel, A. 1905a. Einige biologische Beobachtungen des Herrn Prof. Dr. E. Göldi an brasilianischen Ameisen. Biol. Centralbl. 25: 170-181 (page 179, redescription of worker, queen, male)
  • Markó B. 2008. Pyramica baudueri (Emery, 1875) - a new ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) for the Romanian fauna. Fragmenta Faunistica 51(2):101-106 PDF
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  • Medina, M. 1892. [Untitled. Introduced by: "El Sr. Medina leyó la nota siguiente."]. An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. (Actas) (2)1[=2 21: 69-70 (page 70, male described)
  • Menozzi, C. 1929f. Formiche del Sinai raccolte dal Dr. F. S. Bodenheimer, con descrizione di una nuova specie di Monomorium del sottogen. Equestrimessor. Pp. 125-128 in: Bodenheimer, F. S., Theodor, O. Ergebnisse der Sinai-Expedition 1927 der Hebräische (page 128, see also)
  • Petrov, I. Z.; Collingwood, C. A. 1992. Survey of the myrmecofauna (Formicidae, Hymenoptera) of Yugoslavia. Arch. Biol. Sci. (Belgrade) 44: 79-91 (page 86, see also)
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