Anochetus emarginatus

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Anochetus emarginatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Anochetus
Species: A. emarginatus
Binomial name
Anochetus emarginatus
(Fabricius, 1804)

Anochetus emarginatus casent0217503 p 1 high.jpg

Anochetus emarginatus casent0217503 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms
At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  
 

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Grenada, Guyana, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • emarginatus. Myrmecia emarginata Fabricius, 1804: 426 (w.) CENTRAL AMERICA. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952c: 644 (l.). Combination in Odontomachus: Illiger, 1807: 194; in Stenomyrmex: Mayr, 1862: 711; in Anochetus: Emery, 1890a: 63. Senior synonym of quadrispinosus: Roger, 1862c: 289; of rugosus: Kempf, 1964f: 238. See also: Brown, 1978c: 609.
  • quadrispinosus. Odontomachus quadrispinosus Smith, F. 1858b: 78, pl. 5, figs. 15-17 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of emarginatus: Roger, 1862c: 289.
  • rugosus. Anochetus (Stenomyrmex) emarginatus r. rugosus Emery, 1890a: 63 (w.) BRAZIL. Mann, 1916: 418 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952c: 645 (l.). [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of Odontomachus rugosus Smith, above.] Junior synonym of emarginatus: Kempf, 1964f: 238.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Odontomachus quadrispinosus

Holotype worker in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Brazil” and also with a Farren White label. It is probable that this determination is spurious, a secondary labelling by Farren White, who seems to have had a habit of throwing away original data labels and substituting his own. Also in The Natural History Museum are two quadrispinosus workers with the data, “Para 48/133.” Acc. Reg.: “1848 no. 133. Para. Bt of Stevens. Collected by Mssrs Bates & Wallace.” One of these specimens is sublabelled “172.” I suspect that all three together constituted the original syntype series.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1978c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Stud. Entomol. 20: 549-638 (page 609, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1890b. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (6)(10): 55-76 (page 63, Combination in Anochetus)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. (page 426, worker described)
  • Illiger, K. 1807. Vergleichung der Gattungen der Hautflügler Piezata Fabr. Hymenoptera Linn. Jur. Mag. Insektenkd. (Illiger) 6: 189-199 (page 194, Combination in Odontomachus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1964f. The ants of the genus Anochetus (Stenomyrmex) in Brazil (Hym., Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 7: 237-246 (page 238, senior synonym of rugosus)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 711, Combination in Stenomyrmex)
  • Roger, J. 1862c. Synonymische Bemerkungen. 1. Ueber Formiciden. Berl. Entomol. Z. 6: 283-297 (page 289, senior synonym of quadrispinosus)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1952c. The ant larvae of the subfamily Ponerinae - Part II. Am. Midl. Nat. 48: 604-672 (page 644, larva described)