Camponotus crassus

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Camponotus crassus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. crassus
Binomial name
Camponotus crassus
Mayr, 1862

Camponotus crassus casent0173406 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus crassus casent0173406 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

DaRocha et al. (2015) studied the diversity of ants found in bromeliads of a single large tree of Erythrina, a common cocoa shade tree, at an agricultural research center in Ilhéus, Brazil. Forty-seven species of ants were found in 36 of 52 the bromeliads examined. Bromeliads with suspended soil and those that were larger had higher ant diversity. C. crassus was found in 7 different bromeliads but was associated with twigs and bark cavities, rather than suspended soil or litter, of the plants. Fagundes et al. (2010) report it nesting in bamboo.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Sanz-Veiga et al. (2017) - This species was observed visiting the extrafloral nectaries of Tocoyena formosa plants occurring in a southeastern Brazilian cerrado study-site.

C. crassus visiting a nectary

Lange et al. (2015) - This species was found in semideciduous mesophytic forest pitfall-trap samples. The study examined the ant community within a patch (11.2 hectares) of forest in an urban park (Araguari, Brazil).

Association with Other Organisms

This species is a host for the strepsipteran Stichotrema beckeri (a parasite) (Cook, 2019).

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • crassus. Camponotus crassus Mayr, 1862: 670 (w.) BRAZIL (Rio de Janeiro).
    • Forel, 1912i: 78 (q.); Mariano, et al. 2001: 272 (k.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmobrachys): Forel, 1914a: 270.
    • Subspecies of senex: Forel, 1879a: 99; Emery, 1888c: 364; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 251 (footnote); von Jhering, 1894: 374 Emery, 1896d: 377 (in list).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 37 (redescription); Mayr, 1870a: 376 (in key); Emery, 1878a: ix (in list); Dalla Torre, 1893: 227; Forel, 1895b: 102; Emery, 1906c: 192; Forel, 1907a: 34; Forel, 1908c: 410; Forel, 1912i: 78; Bruch, 1914: 228; Mann, 1916: 481; Luederwaldt, 1918: 51; Wheeler, W.M. 1918b: 27; Santschi, 1922c: 121; Emery, 1925b: 163; Borgmeier, 1927c: 157; Eidmann, 1936b: 97; Kusnezov, 1952d: 208; Kempf, 1961b: 523; Kempf, 1970b: 341; Kempf, 1972a: 51; Brandão, 1991: 333; Bolton, 1995b: 94; Wild, 2007b: 28, 47.
    • Senior synonym of flexus: Mayr, 1870a: 387; Dalla Torre, 1893: 227; Forel, 1895b: 102; Emery, 1896d: 377; Emery, 1925b: 163; Kempf, 1972a: 51; Bolton, 1995b: 94.
    • Senior synonym of picticornis: Wild, 2007b: 47.
    • Senior synonym of vezenyii: Wild, 2007b: 47.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus amazonicus, delabiatus.
  • flexus. Camponotus flexus Mayr, 1862: 671 (w.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 399; Roger, 1863b: 5.
    • Junior synonym of crassus: Mayr, 1870a: 387; Dalla Torre, 1893: 227; Forel, 1895b: 102; Emery, 1896d: 377; Emery, 1925b: 163; Kempf, 1972a: 51; Bolton, 1995b: 100.
  • picticornis. Camponotus (Myrmobrachys) crassus var. picticornis Santschi, 1936d: 421 (w.) ARGENTINA (Misiones, Corrientes, Córdoba), BRAZIL (Santa Catarina).
    • Subspecies of crassus: Kusnezov, 1952d: 208; Kempf, 1972a: 51; Brandão, 1991: 333; Bolton, 1995b: 117.
    • Junior synonym of crassus: Wild, 2007b: 47.
  • vezenyii. Camponotus vezenyii Forel, 1907a: 34 (w.) PARAGUAY.
    • Combination in C. (Myrmobrachys): Forel, 1914a: 271.
    • Subspecies of crassus: Forel, 1911e: 291; Forel, 1912i: 78.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1909a: 264; Emery, 1920b: 260; Emery, 1925b: 165; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 258; Kempf, 1972a: 54; Bolton, 1995b: 129.
    • Junior synonym of crassus: Wild, 2007b: 47.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 10, 2n = 20, karyotype = 20M (Brazil) (Aguiar et al., 2016; Mariano et al., 2001).

References

  • Cook, J.L. 2019. Annotated catalog of the order Strepsiptera of the world. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 144: 121-267 (doi:10.3157/061.145.0202).
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  • DaRocha, W. D., S. P. Ribeiro, F. S. Neves, G. W. Fernandes, M. Leponce, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. How does bromeliad distribution structure the arboreal ant assemblage (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on a single tree in a Brazilian Atlantic forest agroecosystem? Myrmecological News. 21:83-92.
  • Emery, C. 1906c [1905]. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XXVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 37: 107-194 (page 192, revived status as species)
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  • Forel, A. 1879a. Études myrmécologiques en 1879 (deuxième partie [1re partie en 1878]). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 16: 53-128 (page 99, race of senex)
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 78, queen described)
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 270, combination in C. (Myrmobrachys))
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  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 670, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1870a. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsber. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. Abt. I 61: 370-417 (page 387, senior synonym of flexus)
  • Sanz-Veiga, P. A., L. R. Jorge, S. Benitez-Vieyra, and F. W. Amorim. 2017. Pericarpial nectary-visiting ants do not provide fruit protection against pre-dispersal seed predators regardless of ant species composition and resource availability. PLoS ONE. 12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188445

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