Dorylus gribodoi

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Dorylus gribodoi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. gribodoi
Binomial name
Dorylus gribodoi
Emery, 1892

Dorylus gribodoi casent0172625 profile 1.jpg

Dorylus gribodoi casent0172625 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Evolutionary Relationships

Dorylus laevigatus

Dorylus conradti

Dorylus orientalis

Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex

Dorylus fulvus

Dorylus spininodis

Dorylus mayri

Dorylus nigricans rubellus

Dorylus nigricans molestus

Dorylus nigricans terrificus

Dorylus wilverthi

Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri

Dorylus nigricans sjostedti

Dorylus nigricans arcens

Dorylus nigricans

Dorylus emeryi

Dorylus gerstaeckeri

Dorylus gribodoi

Dorylus kohli

Dorylus emeryi opacus

Dorylus braunsi

Dorylus affinis

Dorylus helvolus

Based on Kronauer et al., 2007. Note only selected Dorylus species are included, and undescribed species are excluded.

It appears that this species is probably confined to West Africa and the Congo Basin with relatively few reports. In Benin, Taylor et al. (2018) found it in a mango (Mangifera indica) orchard orchard where it was prey of Oecophylla longinoda.



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 8.206111111° to -1.5°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Togo (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • gribodoi. Dorylus gribodoi Emery, 1892d: 570, pl. 15, fig. 15 (m.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype males.
    • Type-locality: “West Africa”: Amu (Gribodo).
    • [Note: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 732, identifies Amu as a place in Togo.]
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Schöning, et al. 2008: 48 (q.).
    • Combination in D. (Dorylus): Emery, 1895j: 723.
    • Status as species: André, 1895a: 5; Emery, 1895j: 723; Forel, 1907e: 14; Emery, 1910b: 10; Santschi, 1910g: 745; Santschi, 1911i: 282; Forel, 1913b: 312; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 732; Bernard, 1953b: 217; Bolton, 1995b: 179; Schöning, et al. 2008: 42.
    • Senior synonym of confusus: Schöning, et al. 2008: 42.
    • Senior synonym of gerstaeckeri: Schöning, et al. 2008: 42.
    • Senior synonym of insularis: Schöning, et al. 2008: 42.
    • Senior synonym of lamottei: Schöning, et al. 2008: 42.
    • Distribution: Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Togo, Uganda.
  • confusa. Dorylus gribodoi var. confusa Santschi, 1915c: 246 (m.) IVORY COAST.
    • Type-material: 5 syntype males.
    • Type-localities: Ivory Coast: Grand-Bassam (J.H. Lohier), and Ivory Coast: vic. Imbroko, 1910 (Posth).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Subspecies of gribodoi: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 732; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Junior synonym of gribodoi: Schöning, et al. 2008: 43.
  • gerstaeckeri. Dorylus (Anomma) gerstaeckeri Emery, 1895j: 713, pl. 17, fig. 11 (w.) GHANA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Ghana: Accra (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • [Misspelled as gerstaekeri by Santschi, 1912b: 154.]
    • Status as species: Emery, 1901c: 195; Emery, 1910b: 11; Santschi, 1912b: 154 (in key); Santschi, 1914d: 332; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 736; Menozzi, 1933a: 94; Raignier & van Boven, 1955: 85, 86 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 179.
    • Junior synonym of gribodoi: Schöning, et al. 2008: 42.
  • insularis. Dorylus (Anomma) gribodoi var. insularis Santschi, 1937b: 98 (m.) EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Bioko I.).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype males.
    • Type-locality: Equatorial Guinea: Fernando Po (= Bioko I.) (Conradt), and Fernando Po (= Bioko I.) (J. Moser).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Subspecies of gribodoi: Bolton, 1995b: 179.
    • Junior synonym of gribodoi: Schöning, et al. 2008: 43.
  • lamottei. Dorylus (Anomma) lamottei Bernard, 1953b: 219, fig. 7A-D (w.) GUINEA.
    • Type-material: 24 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Guinea: 12 workers Mt Tô, ravin 1 (Lamotte), 3 workers crête de Nion, forêt (1300 m.) (Lamotte), 4 workers crête de Nion, 1600 m. (Lamotte), 5 workers Camp 1 (Lamotte).
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Status as species: van Boven & Lévieux, 1970: 354; Bolton, 1995b: 179.
    • Junior synonym of gribodoi: Schöning, et al. 2008: 43.

Taxonomic Notes

Kronauer et al. (2007) treat the junior synonym Dorylus gerstaeckeri as a full, valid species.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • André E. 1895. Formicides de l'Ogooué (Congo français). Rev. Entomol. (Caen) 14: 1-5.
  • Baroni Urbani C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.) 27: 61-102.
  • Bernard F. 1953. La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mt Nimba. XI. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 19: 165-270.
  • Borowiec M. L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1–280.
  • Boven J. K. A. van, and J. Levieux. 1970. Les Dorylinae de la savane de Lamto (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Univ. Abidjan Sér. E (Écol.) 1(2): 351-358.
  • Emery C. 1892. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire d'Assinie (Afrique occidentale) en juillet et août 1886. Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 60: 553-574.
  • Emery C. 1895. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8: 685-778.
  • Emery C. 1910. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102: 1-34.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst. 30: i-vii, 1-919.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 309-385.
  • Santschi F. 1915. Nouvelles fourmis d'Afrique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 84: 244-282.
  • Santschi F. 1937. Résultats entomologiques d'un voyage au Cameroun. Formicides récoltés par Mr. le Dr. F. Zumpt. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft. 17: 93-104.
  • Schöning C., W. H. Gotwald Jr., D. J. C. Kronauer, and L. Vilhelmsen. 2008. Taxonomy of the African army ant Dorylus gribodoi Emery, 1892 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) - new insights from DNA sequence data and morphology. Zootaxa 1749: 39-52.
  • Taylor B., N. Agoinon, A. Sinzogan, A. Adandonon, Y. N'Da Kouagou, S. Bello, R. Wargui, F. Anato, I. Ouagoussounon, H. Houngbo, S. Tchibozo, R. Todjhounde, and J. F. Vayssieres. 2018. Records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Republic of Benin, with particular reference to the mango farm ecosystem. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 8(1): 006–029.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004