Dorylus kohli

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Dorylus kohli
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. kohli
Binomial name
Dorylus kohli
Wasmann, 1904

Dorylus kohli casent0249434 p 1 high.jpg

Dorylus kohli casent0249434 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


There are scattered reports of this species from West Africa. Found nesting in the ground and foraging widely on the surface at the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Idi Ayunre. In Benin, it was found in a mango (Mangifera indica) orchard (Taylor et al., 2018).



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 7.723333° to -0.317°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Benin, Cameroun, Democratic Republic of Congo (type locality), Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

Explore-icon.png Explore: Show all Associate data or Search these data. See also a list of all data tables or learn how data is managed.
  • This species is a associate (details unknown) for the phorid fly Aenigmatopoeus kohli (a associate (details unknown)) (Quevillon, 2018).


Images from AntWeb

Dorylus kohli casent0217150 d 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0217150 p 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0217150 h 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0217150 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0217150. Photographer Erin Prado, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Dorylus kohli casent0217151 h 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0217151 p 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0217151 d 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0217151 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0217151. Photographer Erin Prado, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Dorylus kohli casent0249433 h 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0249433 d 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0249433 p 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0249433 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0249433. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Dorylus kohli casent0249434 h 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0249434 d 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0249434 p 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0249434 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0249434. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Dorylus kohli casent0902698 p 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902698 h 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902698 d 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902698 l 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902698 p 2 high.jpg
Syntype of Dorylus kohli langiWorker. Specimen code casent0902698. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.
Dorylus kohli casent0902699 h 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902699 d 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902699 p 1 high.jpgDorylus kohli casent0902699 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Dorylus kohli langiWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code casent0902699. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


Relationships among selected Dorylus species based on Kronauer et al. (2007).


Dorylus laevigatus

Dorylus conradti

Dorylus orientalis

Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex

Dorylus fulvus

Dorylus spininodis

Dorylus mayri

Dorylus nigricans rubellus

Dorylus nigricans molestus

Dorylus nigricans terrificus

Dorylus wilverthi

Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri

Dorylus nigricans sjostedti

Dorylus nigricans arcens

Dorylus nigricans

Dorylus emeryi

Dorylus gerstaeckeri

Dorylus gribodoi

Dorylus kohli

Dorylus emeryi opacus

Dorylus braunsi

Dorylus affinis

Dorylus helvolus


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • kohli. Dorylus (Anomma) kohli Wasmann, 1904b: 669 (s.w.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Democratic Republic of Congo: St Gabriel, nr Stanleyville (= Kisangani) (P. Kohl).
    • Type-depositories: NHMB, NHMM.
    • Santschi, 1921c: 114 (s.); van Boven, 1968: 732 (q.).
    • Status as species: Emery, 1910b: 11; Santschi, 1910c: 352; Forel, 1911e: 254; Santschi, 1912b: 154 (in key); Santschi, 1921c: 114; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 44, 736; Santschi, 1933b: 97; Raignier & van Boven, 1955: 78, 86 (in key); van Boven, 1968: 732; Bolton, 1995b: 179; Schöning, et al. 2008: 49; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 204.
    • Senior synonym of quadratus: Schöning, et al. 2008: 449.
    • Distribution: Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus chapini, frenisyi, indocilis, langi, militaris, minor, victoriae.
  • quadratus. Dorylus (Anomma) gerstaeckeri st. quadratus Santschi, 1914a: 430 (s.) TANZANIA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • [Note: original description specifies 1 worker major, but Baroni Urbani, 1977e: 63, records 5 syntype workers in NHMB.]
    • Type-locality: Tanzania (“Afrique orientale allemande”): Manou (Viehmeyer).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Subspecies of gerstaeckeri: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 736; Raignier & van Boven, 1955: 30; Bolton, 1995b: 180.
    • Junior synonym of kohli: Schöning, et al. 2008: 49.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Adgaba N., A. G. Shenkute, A. A. Al-Ghamdi, A. Assefa, M. J. Ansari, B. Taylor, and S. Radloff. 2014. Crematogaster chiarinii ants as a potential biological control agent for protecting honeybee colonies from attack by Dorylus quadratus driver ants in Ethiopia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Agricultural and Forest Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/afe.12060
  • Borowiec M. L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1–280.
  • Boven J. K. A. van. 1968. La reine de Dorylus (Anomma) kohli Wasmann (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Nat. Can. (Qué.) 95: 731-739.
  • Hita Garcia, F., G. Fischer, M.K. Peters, R.R. Snelling and H.W. Wagele. 2009. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Kakamega Forest (Kenya). Journal of East African Natural HIstory 98(2): 147-165.
  • Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst. 30: i-vii, 1-919.
  • Ross S. R. P. J., F. Hita Garcia, G. Fischer, and M. K. Peters. 2018. Selective logging intensity in an East African rain forest predicts reductions in ant diversity. Biotropica 1-11.
  • Santschi F. 1910. Formicides nouveaux ou peu connus du Congo français. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 78: 349-400.
  • Santschi F. 1921. Quelques nouveaux Formicides africains. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 61: 113-122.
  • Santschi F. 1933. Contribution à l'étude des fourmis de l'Afrique tropicale. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 73: 95-108.
  • Schöning C., W. H. Gotwald Jr., D. J. C. Kronauer, and L. Vilhelmsen. 2008. Taxonomy of the African army ant Dorylus gribodoi Emery, 1892 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) - new insights from DNA sequence data and morphology. Zootaxa 1749: 39-52.
  • Taylor B. 1980. Ants of the Nigerian Forest Zone (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). V. Dorylinae, Leptanillinae. Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria Research Bulletin 8: 1-33.
  • Taylor B., N. Agoinon, A. Sinzogan, A. Adandonon, Y. N'Da Kouagou, S. Bello, R. Wargui, F. Anato, I. Ouagoussounon, H. Houngbo, S. Tchibozo, R. Todjhounde, and J. F. Vayssieres. 2018. Records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Republic of Benin, with particular reference to the mango farm ecosystem. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 8(1): 006–029.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 39-269.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004