Eciton rapax

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Eciton rapax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. rapax
Binomial name
Eciton rapax
Smith, F., 1855

Eciton rapax casent0217473 p 1 high.jpg

Eciton rapax casent0217473 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Evolutionary Relationships

Eciton dulcium

Eciton vagans

Eciton quadriglume

Eciton rapax

Eciton mexicanum

Eciton lucanoides

Eciton burchellii

Eciton drepanophorum

Eciton hamatum

Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rapax. Eciton rapax Smith, F. 1855c: 163 (s.) BRAZIL. [w. excluded from type-series, see: Borgmeier, 1955: 211.] [In the figure legends of Smith, F. 1855c: 169 the name rapax is misspelled as raptor; incorrect subsequent spelling.] Mayr, 1886b: 118 (w.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1974c: 169 (l.); Rettenmeyer, 1974: 297 (q.m.). See also: Borgmeier, 1955: 211; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1984: 270.



  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 211, see also)
  • Mayr, G. 1886b. Ueber Eciton-Labidus. (Schluss). Wien. Entomol. Ztg. 5: 115-122 (page 118, worker described)
  • Rettenmeyer, C. W. 1974. Description of the queen and male with some biological notes on the army ant, Eciton rapax. Pp. 291-302 in: Beard, R. L. (ed.) Connecticut Entomological Society 25th Anniversary Memoirs. New Haven: Connecticut Entomological Soc (page 297, queen, male described)
  • Smith, F. 1855c. Descriptions of some species of Brazilian ants belonging to the genera Pseudomyrma, Eciton and Myrmica (with observations on their economy by Mr. H. W. Bates). Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (2) 3: 156-169 (page 163, soldier described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1974c. Ant larvae of the subfamily Dorylinae: second supplement (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 47: 166-172 (page 169, larva described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1984a. The larvae of the army ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): a revision. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 57: 263-275 (page 270, see also)
  • Winston, M.E., Kronauer, D.J.C. & Moreau, C.S. 2016. Early and dynamic colonization of Central America drives speciation in Neotropical army ants. Molecular Ecology (doi: 10.1111/mec.13846).