Eciton vagans

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Eciton vagans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. vagans
Binomial name
Eciton vagans
(Olivier, 1792)

Eciton vagans casent0052771 profile 1.jpg

Eciton vagans casent0052771 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Evolutionary Relationships

Eciton dulcium

Eciton vagans

Eciton quadriglume

Eciton rapax

Eciton mexicanum

Eciton lucanoides

Eciton burchellii

Eciton drepanophorum

Eciton hamatum

Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.

Photo Gallery

  • Two Eciton vagans army ants impeaching an Odontomachus in Belize. Photo by Alex Wild.
  • Eciton vagans soldiers along a colony emigration column. La Selva, Costa Rica. Photo by Daniel Kronauer.
  • Dichthadiiform queen and worker of Eciton vagans. La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Photo by Daniel Kronauer.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana (type locality), Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Brown & Fenner (1998) report this species conducting raids on the nests of Gnamptogenys bispinosa at La Selva, Costa Rica.

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a host for the phorid fly Apocephalus cultellatus (a parasite) ( (attacked).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vagans. Formica vagans Olivier, 1792: 501 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA.
    • Type-material: holotype(?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: French Guiana: Cayenne (Tugni).
    • Type-depository: unknown (perhaps MNHN).
    • Smith, F. 1855c: 162 (s.); Wheeler, W.M. 1912e: 206 (m.); Menozzi, 1931d: 188 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1974c: 170 (l.).
    • Combination in Eciton: Smith, 1855c: 162;
    • combination in E. (Eciton): Emery, 1910b: 21.
    • Status as species: Latreille, 1802c: 243; Smith, F. 1855c: 162; Smith, F. 1858b: 151; Mayr, 1863: 409; Roger, 1863b: 36; Mayr, 1886b: 118 (in key); Emery, 1890a: 55; Emery, 1890b: 38; Dalla Torre, 1893: 6; Emery, 1894c: 178; Emery, 1894k: 45; Forel, 1895b: 121; Emery, 1896h: 625; Forel, 1899c: 24; Forel, 1899d: 273; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 271; Forel, 1908e: 64; Forel, 1909a: 246; Emery, 1910b: 21; Forel, 1912c: 42; Mann, 1916: 420; Luederwaldt, 1918: 37; Santschi, 1920d: 363; Borgmeier, 1923: 40; Santschi, 1923g: 1259; Menozzi, 1931d: 188; Borgmeier, 1934: 93; Eidmann, 1936a: 28; Borgmeier, 1939: 405; Borgmeier, 1948b: 459; Borgmeier, 1953: 13; Borgmeier, 1955: 229 (redescription); Kempf, 1961b: 486; Kempf, 1970b: 323; Kempf, 1972a: 103; Watkins, 1976: 9 (in key); Watkins, 1982: 209 (in key); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1984: 270; Bolton, 1995b: 186; Palacio, 1999: 151 (in key); Wild, 2007b: 25; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 254; Palacio, 2019: 601.
    • Senior synonym of integrum: Borgmeier, 1953: 13; Borgmeier, 1955: 229; Kempf, 1972a: 103; Bolton, 1995b: 186.
    • Senior synonym of simillima: Smith, F. 1858b: 151; Mayr, 1863: 409; Roger, 1863b: 36; Dalla Torre, 1893: 6; Forel, 1895b: 121; Forel, 1899c: 24; Emery, 1910b: 21; Borgmeier, 1923: 40; Borgmeier, 1953: 16; Borgmeier, 1955: 229; Kempf, 1972a: 103; Bolton, 1995b: 186.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Paraguay.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus allognathum, angustatum, dispar, dubitatum, fur, mutatum.
  • integrum. Eciton integrum Santschi, 1921g: 91 (m.) FRENCH GUIANA.
    • Type-material: holotype male.
    • Type-locality: French Guiana: Saint-Laurent du Maroni, v. (Le Moult).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Junior synonym of vagans: Borgmeier, 1953: 13; Borgmeier, 1955: 229; Kempf, 1972a: 103; Bolton, 1995b: 185.
  • simillima. Eciton simillima Smith, F. 1855c: 164 (w.) BRAZIL (Pará).
    • Type-material: holotype(?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Pará (H.W. Bates).
    • Type-depository: BMNH?
    • Junior synonym of vagans: Smith, F. 1858b: 151; Mayr, 1863: 409; Roger, 1863b: 36; Dalla Torre, 1893: 6; Forel, 1895b: 121; Forel, 1899c: 24; Emery, 1910b: 21; Borgmeier, 1923: 40; Borgmeier, 1953: 16; Borgmeier, 1955: 229; Kempf, 1972a: 103; Bolton, 1995b: 186.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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