This is a common species present throughout Europe as well as the Caucasus and Asia Minor. Its distribution is generally more southern than that of Camponotus herculeanus (Czechowski et al. 2002). It inhabits mostly mixed and deciduous forests, but can also be found in open habitats. Nests are built mostly in dead trees or wood stumps. (Marko et al., 2009)
- 1 Photo Gallery
- 2 Identification
- 3 Distribution
- 4 Biology
- 5 Photo Gallery
- 6 Castes
- 7 Nomenclature
- 8 References
Collingwood (1979) - Alitrunk bright yellowish red to red; pubescence is short and sparse, usually absent on medial dorsal surfaces of the first and second gaster tergites. Length: 6-14 mm.
This species is similar in all castes to Camponotus herculeanus but distinguished by the brighter colour and more shining gaster.
Keys including this Species
Central Spain to West Russia, Sicily to Central Sweden (Collingwood 1979).
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Palaearctic Region: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (type locality), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine.
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Collingwood (1979) - This species is characteristically found in stony banks and along the sun exposed borders of woodland, either nesting under stones or in dry stumps. It is an aggressive ant biting freely and will sometimes attack other Camponotus or Formica colonies. The larger workers bite their opponents clean through the alitrunk or crush their heads with their strong mandibles. A more xerothermic species than Camponotus herculeanus its habits are otherwise similar.
This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilaterialis (Shrestha et al., 2017). This species is a host for the fungus Desmidiospora myrmecophila (based on a photo by Michal Kukla, fungal identification by João Araújo).
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- obsoleta. Formica obsoleta Christ, 1791: 509, pl. 60, fig. 5 (q.). [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica obsoleta Linnaeus, 1758: 580.] Junior synonym of ligniperda: Emery, 1892b: 161.
- ligniperda. Formica ligniperda Latreille, 1802c: 88, pl. 1, figs. A-N (s.w.q.m.) FRANCE. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953e: 187 (l.); Hauschteck, 1961: 221 (k.). Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861: 36; in C. (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a: 266. Subspecies of herculeanus: Forel, 1874: 39; Mayr, 1886d: 420; Emery, 1893i: 674; Forel, 1915d: 68; Karavaiev, 1927c: 275. Status as species: André, 1882a: 142; Forel, 1889: 255; Nasonov, 1889: 10; Forel, 1899c: 130; Bondroit, 1912: 352; Bondroit, 1918: 69; Emery, 1920b: 255; Menozzi, 1922c: 143; Emery, 1925b: 73; Karavaiev, 1936: 181; Stitz, 1939: 237; Röszler, 1942a: 54; Holgersen, 1942: 11; Kutter, 1977c: 205; Collingwood, 1979: 91; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 212. Junior synonym of herculeanus: Bernard, 1967: 340; revived from synonymy: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 81. Senior synonym of obsoleta: Emery, 1892b: 161; of herculeanoligniperdus: Bolton, 1995b: 108. Current subspecies: nominal plus afer, nigrescens.
- herculeanoligniperdus. Camponotus herculeanus var. herculeanoligniperdus Forel, 1874: 39 (w.q.m.) SWITZERLAND. Subspecies of ligniperda: Menozzi, 1922c: 144; Emery, 1925b: 74. Raised to species: Stitz, 1939: 242. Junior synonym of ligniperda: Bolton, 1995b: 103.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
- n = 14, 2n = 28 (Switzerland) (Hauschteck, 1961; Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).
- Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24, 335-401.
- Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomol. Scand. 8:1-174.
- Marko, B., Ionescu-Hirsch, A., Szasz-Len, A. 2009. Genus Camponotus Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Romania: distribution and identification key to the worker caste. Entomologica romanica 14: 29-41.
- Shrestha B, Tanaka E, Hyun MW, Han JG, Kim CS, Jo JW, Han SK, Oh J, Sung JM, Sung GH. 2017. Mycosphere Essay 19. Cordyceps species parasitizing hymenopteran and hemipteran insects. Mycosphere 8(9): 1424–1442 (DOI 10.5943/mycosphere/8/9/8).