Mycocepurus goeldii

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Mycocepurus goeldii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Mycocepurus
Species: M. goeldii
Binomial name
Mycocepurus goeldii
(Forel, 1893)

Mycocepurus goeldii casent0173988 profile 1.jpg

Mycocepurus goeldii casent0173988 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels




Ranging approximately from the 40th to the 67th meridian west and from the 2nd to the 31st latitude south, an area covering most of Brazil, parts of Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Guyana, Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


The range of habitats occupied by M. goeldii is remarkably diverse and ranges from Amazon rainforest, savannahs (Cerrado) to the fertile South American lowlands (Pampas), and secondary habitats disturbed by human activities. It does not occur in elevated sites of the South American Cordilleras.


Abundant and conspicuous.


Rabeling & Bacci (2010) - Mycocepurus goeldii is a conspicuous, widely distributed species. The natural history of Mycocepurus goeldii has been studied near Sao Paulo City (Luederwaldt, 1918, 1926) and in the Manaus region of the Amazon Basin (Rabeling et al., 2007b).

A queen of Mycocepurus castrator standing on a host Mycocepurus goeldii queen.

In Rio Claro, Sao Paulo State, Brazil Mycocepurus goeldii is parasitized by Mycocepurus castrator.

Colony Attributes

A natural history study of M. goeldii in the Amazon Basin (Rabeling et al., 2007b) showed that some colonies had a single queen, whereas others were occupied by as many as four queens. Dissection of eight individuals from three separate colonies revealed that all of them were inseminated and had fully developed ovaries, demonstrating that these colonies were functionally polygynous. A M. goeldii colony studied in 2008 contained a single reproductively active queen, 33 alate queens, 496 workers and no males. During the excavation, males and queens were leaving the maternal colony for their nuptial flight, which started on 7 October.


M. goeldii queen (b,d,f,h)
M. goeldii male (b,d,f,h)


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • goeldii. Atta (Mycocepurus) goeldii Forel, 1893g: 370 (footnote) (w.) BRAZIL. Forel, 1908c: 353 (q.m.). Combination in Mycocepurus: Luederwaldt, 1918: 39. Senior synonym of gentilis, ogloblini Santschi, ogloblini Kusnezov, schuppi: Kempf, 1963b: 420.
  • schuppi. Atta (Mycocepurus) goeldii var. schuppi Forel, 1901d: 301 (w.) BRAZIL. Combination in Mycocepurus: Emery, 1924d: 335. Junior synonym of goeldii: Kempf, 1963b: 420.
  • gentilis. Mycocepurus goeldii st. gentilis Santschi, 1925b: 17 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of goeldii: Kempf, 1963b: 420.
  • ogloblini. Mycocepurus ogloblini Santschi, 1933e: 119, figs. 12, 13 (w.q.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of goeldii: Kempf, 1963b: 420.
  • ogloblini. Descolemyrma ogloblini Kusnezov, 1951d: 460, pl. 1, fig. 1 (m.) ARGENTINA. [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of ogloblini Santschi, above.] Junior synonym of goeldii: Kempf, 1963b: 420.



  • 2n = 8, karyotype = 8M (Brazil) (Barros et al., 2010).